seriously and without nonsense ...
Adaptogens are natural and synthetic substances that improve the ability to overcome the burden and have no side effects. Practically speaking, medicinal plants and fungi comply with the definition of adaptogen . The concept of adaptogen was developed in the 1950s to describe the effect of ginseng medicinal plants. Ginseng is a versatile, non-negative herb that has gained a reputation for panacea. To call this or that plant a panacea is unscientific and incorrect. The correct name for ginseng-type plants is an adaptogen. Many other unrelated plants say the herbalists are incorrectly "ginseng" (eleuterokok = Siberian ginseng , vitans = Indian ginseng , Peruvian cress = Peruvian ginseng , Desert denim = Desert ginseng etc.). These plants should be called adaptogen.
Adaptogens are characterized by facilitating the adaptation process . Adaptation, as we all know, is the adaptation of the organism to the burden. There are different types of load: cold load, heat load, physical load (eg sport), mental load, chemical load (liver, kidney, brain, etc.), oxidation load, radiation load, infectious burden etc. English expression for all kinds of stress is "stress". In Czech, however, the word stress is usually just a mental burden. It is worth mentioning that the adaptogens are historically related to the discovery of stress hormones and so-called generalized adaptation syndrome , which is a flashy name for the stress response.
Ideal adaptogen is all-round beneficial, harmless, and simple unilateral effects. Real adaptogens are more or less close to this ideal. Some more protect the liver, others protect blood vessels, others suppress inflammation and allergy, or counteract mental stress. Different pharmaceuticals are of the same quality as adaptogens, so a closed list of adaptogens can not be compiled. However, not every non-toxic drug is an adaptogen. For example, liquorice or hemp, despite healing, are not adaptive because they have unilateral effects.
Adaptogens are heavily healing . This may surprise physicians and pharmacists used in Paracelsus medications - poisons that are used to treat them in precisely metered doses. (It was Paracelsus, who in Europe once used herbal medicine to use mercury compounds and other poisonous mineral medicines.) Paracelsus drugs are only in the hands of experts. This is reflected in the laws. Unfortunately, the legislation looks paracelsically for all drugs and has no understanding for adaptogens . Adaptogenes require milligram standardization as if it were poisons, but on the other hand due to the absence of toxicity it ranks among so-called "weakly effective" plants. (Among the "highly effective", our laws in the paracelsian spirit are foxglove, omega, rogue and similar plants.) However, adaptogens are excellently used in the prevention and treatment of civilization diseases resulting from the accumulated burden of today's long-lived population. Adaptogens are an excellent prevention of the three most important diseases of longevity : atherosclerosis , cancer and diabetes (diabetes) . It is generally known that atherosclerosis endangers patients with a stroke , which adaptogens also protect. By reducing stress and effect on blood vessels, ginseng and some other adaptogens also work against epidemic hypertension . Together with a healthy diet (containing a varied selection of herbs and antioxidant spices), adaptogens slow down aging , protects immunity and inhibits the development of metabolic syndrome .
Examples of adaptogens:
- Panax ginseng - the most effective adaptogen
- Baikal Shrike ( Scutellaria baicalensis )
- Schisandra chinensis ( Schisandra chinensis )
- Pink Stonecrop ( Rhodiola rosea )
- Vitae ( Withania somnifera )
- aloe vera ( Aloe vera )
- ginger ( Zingiber officinale )
- Long-tailed Curcuma ( Curcuma longa )
- ginseng notoginseng ( Panax notoginseng )
- Eleutherococcus senticosus
- Ganoderma lucidum , also known as reishi , lingzhi - a model mushroom adaptogen
- Inonotus obliquus , Russian anticancer adaptogen
Ordinary medicinal vegetables and spices (garlic, onions, cinnamon, etc.), of which, of course, it is also possible to ask to what extent the adaptogen definition is met, I do not include this short list of classical adaptogens. For a longer list of plant candidates for adaptogens, see the overview of natural adaptogens .