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Cultivation of glitter

Glossy glitter may be found in the entire northern hemisphere. It's growing with us, but I've never found it, even though I've been trying to find it out of curiosity. (I did not know it was healing yet.) For commercial purposes, the gloss is grown on blocks and supplied in different quality classes. As with all mushrooms, pollutants are very important for the environment (mushrooms are a bioaccumulator of heavy metals and other pollutants), as well as a genofond of mushroom culture.

While medicinal plants are often harvested in nature at an industrial scale, medicinal sponges for large-scale manufacturers of fungal preparations are almost exclusively grown. The availability of mushrooms in nature is very volatile and unreliable. Cultivation of medicinal mushrooms can be very demanding, depending on the type of mushroom. It is necessary to imitate as much as possible the natural conditions in which the fungus grows. In addition, many healing sponges are long-lived. For example, glossy gloss will have many years from the moment of the outbreak until the trunk grows on the affected trunk. In the case of the Cordyceps sinensis, it is necessary to grow the caterpillars that will die after the infestation of the spores of this parasitic fungus, and after only a few months the caterpillars of the caterpillar will grow (therefore the Chinese name of the caterpillar "tōng cōng šià cao", in literal translation " Worm in winter, plant in summer "). Depending on the natural conditions and the natural genofond of the medicinal fungi, the quality of the grown material is controlled.

A long process of fruit growth develops natural growers if possible. Mushrooms are grown at optimum temperature and humidity on wood or other material adapted for rapid growth of the fruiting plants. The methods are different for different mushrooms. For example, in shingles, the use of pressed sawdust instead of a full block can ease the growth of the fungus and get the fertilizer already 6 months after inoculation, instead of several years, as is the case in nature ...

... but the hardest method ever to obtain mushroom biomass over literally a few days is cultivation of mycelium on agar in Petri dishes ...

Cultivation of mycelium and primordial medicinal fungi on agar

A special feature of medicinal fungi is the cultivation of mycelium (mycelium) and primordia ("young pups") on enriched agar in vitro . It is a method used by large-scale producers to further accelerate and reduce the production of biomass of medicinal mushrooms. This method is specific to healing sponges and is used only for expensive and long-lived types of medicinal mushrooms whose biomass allows them to obtain at unbeatable prices. For plants and common fungi, in vitro cultivation is not used because it is mostly cheaper to grow plants in an agricultural way. The in-vitro hydroponic method of rapiding was developed in Korea for ginseng, but due to user resistance it has not become popular.

The growth of the fungal biomass in vitro is accomplished by inoculating the spores of medicinal fungi from conventional cultivars on the Petri dishes (culture vessels) and incubating for several days. The vessels will cover mushroom fibers (mycelium or fungus) over the course of several days, and compact clumps of fungal biomass will immediately begin to form on the surface. These would have evolved over time on the miniature fetuses of the kind of healing sponge, which is why they are called primordium , the germs of ferrets.

At this time, the mycelium and the primordium and agar were scraped off from the culture vessels for processing. Of course, such biomass is only suitable for the production of capsules and tablets, and it is necessary to concentrate it many times because most of its volume is made up of exhausted agar. For this purpose, this biomass is extracted with a suitable solvent, concentrated and processed into capsules or tablets designated as mycelium and primordium, effusmically also "young fruiting". Most of the medicinal sponges in our market were made in this way.

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