Practical pharmacology treats medicinal sponges essentially as well as medicinal plants . Healing sponges include herbal medicine, or Chinese herbs . Mushrooms in fact, of course, no herbs are not, belong to their own realms of Fungi equivalent to the plant kingdom ( Plantae ) or animal ( Animalia ). However, there are other reasons for dealing with medicinal sponges separately, apart from plants.
Although the mushrooms form a separate Fungi realm, they are genetically more closely related to animals than to plants. Mushrooms are also usually saprophytic or "attached" organisms to live plants, either mutually or parasitically. Mutabolism of fungi is simpler than in plants. Mushrooms (and healing sponges) have less tendency to synthesize secondary metabolites separately. They are often obtained from host plants or organic material on which they grow. For example, healing woody sponges such as shiny glossy lizards and other Polyporales often get triterpenoids from the trees, such as curative betulinic acid.
Mykorrhiza - Wood Wide Web
For me personally, the most astonishing aspect of the mycorrhiza mushroom kingdom is. If you saw the Avatar as unrealistic about how native people, animals and plants were interconnected with some fiber connectors, then know that the inspiration for this link was mycorrhizal. (Biologically, Avatar was extremely realistic on the whole .) What grows over the ground like "mushrooms" is just a tiny part of the actual fungal organism. The actual sponge can occupy an area of hundreds of square meters and is hidden beneath the ground in the form of mushroom fibers - mycelium. A basket of ferrets harvested in a small area can easily come from a single mushroom body. Mushrooms are probably the toughest organisms on the earth - the mass of the underground fibers of a single fungus has been estimated at up to 200 tons. Fibrous fibers interconnect most of the trees and plants in the forest, which has recently been called " Wood Wide Web " . Mushrooms underground play the role of minerals that mined minerals, and with the help of mycorrhizal connections, they sell sugar and other goodies to plants. It turns out that trees often account for as much as 50% of the captured solar energy to the mushrooms (in this article with the permission to omit annoying quotations). The extent to which forest organisms communicate through the forest network is the subject of current research, but I personally tend to think that mushrooms and trees are personally familiar with the forest and deal with those partners who are best paid for it. In orchids it is proven that germinating plants are nourished by mushrooms, which they return in adulthood. There is a hypothesis that mushrooms in a similar way also help in the growth of seedlings of trees.
Phenomenon of mushroom: the element of interconnection in the wild
The clever and appropriately inflated geobotanik Jiří Sádlo ( see also the video ) had a lecture course "Plant Phenomenon" at the Faculty of Science in Prague. I have never registered there, so what I think the doctor may have presented can only be imagined. But if I had the task of creating a lecture on "Mushroom Phenomenon", it would be about how mushrooms are all interconnected and are themselves interconnected - at least from four aspects:
- Mushrooms represent a "forest network" linking plant individuals.
- Mushrooms with their flying spores evolve ecologically on ecosystems on different continents. They are an evolutionary McDonald - they are everywhere and everywhere more or less the same, they are reliant on them. The existence of mushrooms adds to all the living organisms of our planet the cohesiveness and the individuality.
- Fungal cells are more or less confluent in mushroom fibers - hyphae.
- There are no clear interstitial boundaries in the fungi - related species fuse in species complexes, and mycologists divide them more or less on the basis of conventions.