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Diseases of the liver

Practical Summary: Do you have liver problems? Enjoy croissant and eat snobbish vegetables - artichoke , chicory , dandelion , burdock , snake mord , leaves of thistle and mainly young puppies . Take daily mosquito , ginseng , koptis . Roast with lots of curcuma (or curry) and pepper , which allows the absorption of curcumin. Add grated fresh ginger (2g per day) to the fleshy meals, which the capitalists put in to the greyhounds. Do not forget about Benedict , Pear , Smile , Sandwich and Basil . In addition, TČM recommends ginseng , stapler , gardenia and standard mixtures of shi-cha-hu-tang and shi-kuan-ta- buang (herb practice). For more inspiration, read the entire article.

Notes: We eat butterflies in the form of oil because silymarin is only soluble in fats. Homemade oil is mixed with virgin olive oil in a ratio of 1: 1, which improves both taste and healing. The mixture is used in cold kitchens for salads, mayonnaise, etc., to consume an average of 50ml of the mixture per day. It is used for a long time, it is not thermally regulated. All the snob vegetables are hepato-protective. The root of burdock is really snobish. Young puppies can not grow, hec. Thistle leaves are fresh, after the cutting of prickly edges they are overtaking the salad.

About liver diseases

Liver is the key organ of vertebrate metabolism, overseeing nutrient processing, detoxifying poisons, maintaining the desired level of sugars and fats in the blood, and acting as a blood filter. The liver has its own supply of sugar (glycogen) and serves as the central distribution of sugar (another supply is in the muscles). The liver is exceptional in the bloodstream in that it is included in the so-called portal circulation. The term "gateway" means that the blood that has already passed through the capillaries of the intestines and other parts of the digestive tract (stomach, esophagus) does not return right into the left ventricle but is previously filtered through the liver through a so-called porous vein. The vein vein has a higher pressure than normal veins - it is something between the artery and the vein, and the blood in it is after milky food colored by absorbed fat droplets. The liver acts as a filter that removes these nutrients from the blood, eliminates poisonous poisons, and cleanses waste, including dead cells. The liver is also the first stop of those pathogens that manage to penetrate the intestine into the bloodstream. Under these circumstances, it is clear that liver lobes, not unlike the oil filter in the car, are subject to rapid wear and must be replaced as necessary. Therefore, the liver is equipped with a high regenerative ability: The worn-out lobes die and replaced with new lobes.

There are many poisons and pathogens (for example, hepatitis viruses), for which the liver is the first barrier to be overcome. The presence of these pollutants in the environment represents the chemical and biological burden of the organism. From a theoretical point of view, adaptogens are substances that increase the body's ability to withstand the burden. Many adaptogens are therefore hepatoprotective - they strengthen the ability of the liver to deal with chemical and biological stress. In the literature, the hepatoprotective effect is often associated with an anti-inflammatory effect and an antioxidant effect . Many liver diseases have one thing in common, and it's liver inflammation - hepatitis . As a result of the inflammation, the liver joints die and, depending on the liver's regenerative capacity, hepatic insufficiency with hepatitis may or may not occur. That is why the terms hepatitis and jaundice often confuse. The yellow color of the skin, the blemishes and the mucous membranes in the hepatitis cause bile pigments. After successful cure hepatitis will recover and jaundice will disappear.

With their regenerative capacity, the liver is an absolutely amazing and unique internal organ. For example, one is able to survive the surgical removal of up to 70% of the liver, which again reaches its original size, which does not apply to any other internal organ. But even the liver can not stand it. Forcing the liver to frequent regeneration (for example, drunkenness) means talking about liver cancer (hepatoma) . Liver cancer also increases the risk of liver cancer for the same reason. Secondly, as with any healing, liver regeneration leads to the formation of scar tissue (fibrotic). When many forced regeneration produces too much scar tissue in the liver, further regeneration is prevented. This condition is called hardening of the liver - hepatic cirrhosis . Recently, however, citizens of hardened countries (such as Polynesia, which is as fat as the US or the Czech Republic) suffer from steatosis (fattening) of the liver, even non-alcoholic. The liver with steatosis is not hardened, but on the contrary is softer and fattened as for gilts. Liver steatosis usually accompanies morbid obesity.

Hepatoprotective herbs of our tradition

Before the Paracelsian drug era, we even treated ourselves with herbs. Most traditional European "liver" recipes, however, fell into oblivion. (In part because, unlike TČM, many European healers did not know what the liver was.) In our pharmacopoeia, however, we have a wonderful category of so-called cholagogs, as well as the so-called stomachic (stomach) ). But, of course, it is not clear that all cholagogas and stomachics are good for the liver. One can observe the striking tendency of our herbalists to consider each bitter plant as good for the liver, which corresponds to another category called amara (bitter herbs) - bitter , chicory , earth , dandelion , vagina ...

It is strange that our most famous hepatoprotective herb - the Marshmallow - is not bitter. The effective principle of the oyster is the silymarin - a mixture of nonpolar medicinal substances from the seeds of this plant. The effect of silymarin is documented by stacks of publications whose references are found in the Bahmani2015smb report, for example . In addition, the large, burdose leaves of the thistle can be eaten as delicious salad vegetables after wearing the prickly edges of the blade, which we treat to patients with healing problems by dressing or mayonnaise prepared with 1: 1 mixture of oil and virgin olive oil.

As I have already said, herbs with some vague relation to the treatment of liver diseases are many in the European herbal industry: basil right , medical benedict , seaside pine , Chinese teaspoon , chicory , blackcurrant , blackcurrant (fetus, leaf and liver and root) , garlic cuisine , snake mord spanish , yellow hawthorn , juniper common , burdock larger , creepy bean , broke medical , yarrow , medical , schisandra chinese , cream medical , smil sandy , sage medical , peasant medical ... List of our herbs " on the liver "further includes doubtful items such as the liver and the lobes , which have the shape of leaves to resemble the liver. Opinions about the relative strength of these plants are different among our herbalists, and the concord can be summed up with the words "eat croissant and lots of vegetables". Ostropestřec is a thistle and when we are with that vegetable, the thistle empire can also be recommended for the liver artichokes , Bieberstein puppies and puppy noodle (the root and the young ensemble, which tastes surpassing artichoke). The thistles include the already mentioned medical benedict , which, with the pride and the smile , is one of the most effective hepatoprotective traits of our tradition. Others do not let go of the ribbon and selected deaf-ears: the apple , the lizard , the mint , the lute and the aforementioned sage . Babo.

Hepatoprotective herbs of India and tropics

So, when European scientists do not know what's best about the liver, we reach out to the wisdom of the busy foreign systems that Indian Ayurveda belongs to. Where have we done this in the previous paragraph? Oh, in the deaf. So, in Ayurveda for this family, we have a basil of sacred ( tulsi ), which is not just for the liver, but it reminds Italian basil true and miraculous. They both help. However, the most important hepatic herb of Ayurveda is (besides a mackerel known from the TČM ) the Himalayan plant bitterny kutki (incorrectly "Himalayan hawk "). He did not even meet the herbalist Stanislav Sehnálek who informed him ( pdf ), because in the wild, this muddy miracle almost destroyed the collectors.

And we're back where we were. Even in India and the tropics, the plants have "liver" blessed once they do not know which one to choose. Kumar2012rhh has been added to the above-mentioned overview: Kennel Fennel , Philadelphia Pumpkin , Chamomile Rangel , Rusty Bulrush , Cassia , Roxburghi Casserole , Himalayan Capercaillie , Cormorant , Turmeric , Scarlet , honeybee , haystack hay , polka michoakánska , dyke dyke , cress crab, madagaskarski , marshmallow , big scarlet , tuberobar , marshmallow , zederach indian , indigenous and even poisonous downy black . Overview Ilyas2016rhi adds: herbaceous cotton bud , pink bayonet , pine bark , laurel ladybird , fimbriae rocky , gardenia jamous , hibiscus Sudanese , ginkgo biloba , medulla medical , larea trident , mangosteen Indian , peppermint indian , petite sticky , schizandra chinese , smell bitter , medical and heartwood . So what to choose? It is clear that it is not just possible to choose tropical beasts from some possible lists. That is why at the lectures of medical botany we cultivate the feeling for herbs, genera and families. The person with a feeling immediately falls into the eye of a tuber rod, which reminds him again another tropical miracle of the same family, patchouli genera , whose anti-inflammatory effects testify to the liver. Both miraculous dudes study and go. On the contrary, even the grocery shopkeeper can easily understand that a poisonous black poisoner is probably not an adaptogen or a tea, except a cheap pharmaceutical raw material (normally made from biodiesel). After an initial alert around the relatives sadly, however, the same herbalist cheers and smell bitter, acid and medical patients cheerfully recommend. Slowly sour and medical is the excellent healing fruit, while from sadly bitter it is used rather a leaf and a leaf in the form of a bloating, 2-4g per day calmly with viral hepatitis. But smirk is just one of many superbylins, and I'm not a destroying doctor again. Everyone has to crawl her lists of herbs by themselves. That is why I always emphasize the practical accessibility, which is not very sad at the sad - in 2018 it was possible to get only dry smut niruri .

Hepatoprotective herbs TČM

Finally, you've got sections with clear, non-speculative instructions. I congratulate patient readers. The biggest order in hepatoprotective herbs is the TČM, which has captured its knowledge for 2000 years. (I do not mean that Ayurveda lags, but you know, India.) TCM is attractive to liver problems by maintaining a unified therapeutic line. In other words, there is a consensus among Chinese herbalists about what will overwhelm you about hepatitis or other liver problems. According to Lam2016hec , this indication does not allow:

If you are a herbalist (or a herbalist knowledgeable by a doctor), you can deploy these plants without ceremony and great fear of interactions, massaging both eyes over banal and command labels (you know, capitalism). Plus something: turmeric is to be used with pepper (both as a part of the diet), although piperine facilitates the absorption of curcumin curcumin ( Berginc2012pbo ). Just make sure that the patient does not take the liquor permanently (it is not an adaptogen) and has not consumed more than half a pound of coping for sitting. (For non-humorous readers: it is a funny hint of the bitterness of koptisu.) Kurkumu, ginseng and pasta can be used in meadows, which will be supplemented by a date ringworm (other tiny fruit that the TČM does not allow). When you add a generous daily dose of ice cream and dietary supplements to the already mentioned hepatoprotective vegetables ( artichoke , chicory , dandelion , burdock , snake mord , millet leaves and young buds of pups ), you are sure that you have fytherapy. If you want to get even more inspiration, try (according to Liu1994ech ) a stapler whose salidrosid protects the inflamed liver ( Yang2016sao ) and consider the gingerbread and yellowish jerry . (I do not know how to dosing or other details, I'm not a supernatural creature.) And the most standard inspiration is two standard mixtures of herbs that (again according to Lam2016hec ) prescribe on the liver of the TČM :

  1. shiao-cha-hu-tang (小 柴胡 汤, smaller proton potion)
  2. shi-kuan-ta-bu-tang (十全 大補 湯, general strengthening potion)

For more information, click here. These mixes are routinely available for purchase, but they can also be handled by a clever pharmacist.

Hepatoprotective effects of salmon and ginseng

Lathe moss and ginseng are well-researched hepatoprotective plants, which are worth paying attention. The andrographis herba is widely used in hepatic and respiratory problems in the TBM ( Lam2016hec ) and in India ( Akbar2011apr ), where the mollusk comes from. With its high content of potent glycosides, flavonoids (> 20) and diterpenoid lactones (> 20), the mucin is at least as effective as the whipper ( Kapil1993aem ).

Regarding ginseng, TKM recommends all three of its types: ginseng , ginseng notoginseng and Japanese ginseng ( Lam2016hec ) as documented by Ng2006pas , Yoshikawa2003snd , Liu1994ech and others. No less effective is American ginseng ( Xu2017sgl ) and Vietnamese ginseng , whose major panaxosid majonoside R2 is demonstrably hepatoprotective ( Tran2002hem ). Protecting the liver from oxidative damage during physical exercise is documented by Voces1999eas in G115 Ginseng Patent Extract. The ability of ginseng to protect liver from poisons is documented by Martinez1984pea and Bak2012ahe in CCl4 , Zhu2015gac in cyclophosphamide, Kim2011pek in aflatoxin, Igamy2015hef in paracetamol and Fu2013peg in experimental obstructive jaundice. Specific panaxosides are Rb 1 , Compound K ( Lee2005heg ), Rg 3 and Rh 2 ( Lee2005he2 ). Heat treatment for red ginseng does not reduce the hepatoprotective effect ( Yokozawa2007tph ). Efficacy of ginseng against cirrhosis ( Lo2011gri ) is also explained by the action of ginsenoside Rb 1 on fibrotic liver remodeling ( Tark2015egr ).

Hepatoprotective fungi

At this point, I must honestly admit that if European herbalists are confused with hepatoprotective plants, they do not know about hepatoprotective fungi. (Unless you recommend the oak tree, which, according to the sign of the sign, reminds you of the liver.) I do not know much better either. The Mushroom Empire must necessarily contain an equally rich treasury of medicinal substances as a plant kingdom, but we are still unknown. Therefore, as one example, I give only the proven mushroom adaptogen - glossy gloss . Its protective effect was confirmed by the poisoning of CCl 4 ( Sudheesh2012glp ), benzpyrene ( Lakshmi2006aam ), heavy metals ( Jin2013peg ) and liver damage by radiation and cytostatics ( Wang2006aae ). The effect of cirrhosis is documented in the Kwon2011aaf study. A wider overview of hepatoprotective sponges outside glossy glossy is unfortunately missing. More precisely, coconut is already part of the above-mentioned general strengthening potion ( TČM ) and camphor outlaw for ecological reasons do not want to mention.

How to eat hepatoprotective crops

To the naive observer it would seem that eating is a non-requisite activity. When it comes to "eat garlic," everyone knows that cooked garlic can be cooked, baked, fried, or rather raw, either in the form of a paste like a lingo or as a sour cream softened with sweet cream. That he can not eat it. And that when one does not want to smell the toast, it uses this first-rate adaptogen in the form of a "garlic" capsule. However, we do not have this knowledge for snobbies. We can not even eat ginger . Older years, they associate it with gingerbread and do not know that this first-rate adaptogen is a necessity for meat, like a smoked tofu, a fish soup and mussels, a cooked cereal, or a delicious pork liver cut into thin slices with a thick soy sauce. (Summer, come back!) Delicate ginger is rubbed on the threads that taste better in the meal. We do not have to ask ourselves how it is with garlic and hazelnuts - everyone knows that garlic is unimportant, while garlic and bacon garlic are of great importance. And that Allium cepa is not a kind of garlic, but a culinary completely different, unusual kitchen onion , which, in the case of hepatic problems, can serve deliciously chopped in a mixture of sour cream, if allowed by the attending physician. But in snob and tropical crops we do not know where to go. So let's take a look at the practical side of their consumption.

Snob hepatoprotective vegetables

Hepatoprotective vegetables ( artichoke , chicory , dandelion , burdock , snake mord , ostropestrec, pupa , all kinds of absolutely miraculous) are prepared to preserve maximum freshness. How, this will be explained by the chefs ( ž , , search Šmudlo ). Remember 3 statements:

  1. Place the vegetables in boiling water
  2. Steam cooking is the most efficient
  3. even more gentle is not to cook at all

Further snobbish words blanching and pressure cooker. Salt during blanching as well as increased pressure in the pressure cooker serve the same purpose: increase the boiling point. In vegetables, a coagulated crust is created so quickly that it prevents bleeding. That's why we cook for a short time. Artichokes must be able to peel . Pupava must be grown , it tastes great and raw. Consumption cream must also be grown, outdoor is all dirty and unsuitable for patients. Smell hearts are even a little healthier than chicory hearts that can be bought. On the other hand, the desirable fresh root of chicory, cream and almost no burdens can be bought. Can be dredged or bought dried in a herbarium. Do not make tea, but use them as dried vegetable soup in addition to the usual vegetables (parsley, celery, I do not mention them for fun). The burdens also taste young hearts, which I have not tried yet. Snake mord can be grown and bought again, the roasted root is only slightly boiled in acidified and salted water, calmly in the skin. As fresh and tenderly attractive lettuce, the fresh leaves of the sprouts, from which we cut the prickly edge of the blade, will serve. And if you can not imagine snobbery without medical asparagus, treat the broccoli, rose bell, rucola, alfalfa (alfalfa) as well as sick, besides blanched asparagus, and when we are at the very snobs, you know that the red cabbage sprouts Are they much, much, much healthier than white cabbage? Equally healthy are the cherry sprouts. However, lettuce and cress must not be avoided as they contain medicinal nutrients that we will not find elsewhere. A tasty mixed beverage can be prepared with the addition of a pinch of hepatoprotective fruit or other softening ingredients (eg pistachios). Tasty and healthy are also lentils, chickpeas, soybean and mungo beans, but my personal favorite is sunflower sprouts. Good taste and break the liver.

Snob hepatoprotective oil

Oil is not as expensive, so you do not have to buy the cheapest on the market. Mix high-quality virgin olive oil with the same or a little more virgin olive oil as olive oil, polyphenols and other olive oil also protect the liver ( Liu1994ech , Valenzuela2017cmh , Hernandez2017sda ). Use the mixture mainly in cold kitchens in dressings, mayonnaise and the like so that the average daily dose of the mixture is about 50ml. And if you can not imagine snobbies without a caviar, foods with a record content of ω-3 unsaturated docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), add to this mixture of oils another one part of snob sesame oil, which is up to 85% polyunsaturated (see PUFA ). However, you can easily get your fish fat from more fatty seafood, or a bite of cod liver in your own oil with fresh onion, at the worst of fish fat.

Snob hepatoprotective fruit

The abovementioned lists of hepatoprotectants contain a lot of fruit. The effect of these items is specific and nonspecific, very appropriate if you want the patient to indulge in special love. I comment in a row. Figs we know about everyone, the leaves are effective, so we eat fresh fruits. A ripe bottle (čimimoja) is not getting, buying it in powder is useless. The mangosteen is an effective fertilizer, so we will eat a delicious fetus and a bitter garlic throws hens. (Behind the bottle and the mangosteen fly to Hong Kong.) Hepatoprotective mulberry black and ripe berries are good, especially for decorating puddings. I did not taste great buttocks , but I jerked a jerk and I'll tell you the elbow. You do not want to eat this for the raw, raw, inedible fruit from the Polynesian islands. This hungry, emergency, even mature state like a hard, dull, hot-tasting fruit full of sharpened seeds, however, can be processed with some peripetials (sensitive readers to spare disgusting details) to an extremely tasty juice that is also on sale to us . I was already sad about the sad, sour sour and sadly fetal fruit, but as well as the plum (a taste remotely reminiscent of plums) we do not have again. The big scarlet (scarlet cucumber ) is effective, so we do not have it again. In our country, you will come to see a fresh bitter cucumber, a Chinese Momordiku , whose miraculous effect (on the liver and in general) documents the Jia2017ram overview. Dried momordica is commonly available , the extract from the scarlet only from abroad under the name ivy gourd (beware, ivy is also spoken in English). Special is the Sudanese hibiscus , whose sour, fleshy flowers are eaten as fruit and dried to avail . Ginkgo leaves are mainly used for the treatment, but females (for example, in the botanic garden of Venice Street in Prague) carry slightly edible fruits, a scent resembling overripe noni, but with tasty kernels inside (can be ordered from abroad ). It is only 5-6 pieces a day, cooked or slightly roasted, basically not raw. Finally, we all know mango. Just to say that the smaller wild mango is more efficient by weed rule.

Elderly consumption

Glossy glossy is a snob hepatoprotective fungus par excellence, not only a price, but also a privileged position in Chinese medicine. This sponge makes our books as inedible because it's too stiff. Little is known, however, that it is not necessary to consume it only in the form of capsules, but that it can be supplemented in the form of a mushroom powder with meat broths in which the fat present relieves the bitter taste of its medicinal triterpenoids. Glossy is as harmless as ginseng, but its triterpenoids are not cheaper than ginseng. So if you can afford a snob gloss powder, try treating your patient as a hen or beef soup. Consumption in this form is a completely different experience than the use of glossy capsules.

Skeptical conclusion

It is the popularity article on hepatoprotectants that I think is the right place to say that the category of hepatoprotective is actually very outdated. In the middle ages, into the cholagog era, choleretic and amar. Potion for the liver, this is a very poor pharmacological specification. What is the liver? Actually, almost nothing. A mere macroscopic organ, when these really important processes take place in the world of molecules. Surely, the liver is important for surgeons when you need liver disease, liver cirrhosis, liver rupture, liver resection ... Also for ecologists, if you need a liver motorcycle or a liver buble. But the molecular biologist, who alone can see the healing of herbs, can not see the liver, but membrane proteins, transporters, ion channels, signal cascades, and gene networks. Organelles and biochemical pathways, which are everywhere, not only in hepatocytes. They see how macrophages remove the worn tissue. How stem cells multiply and teach young hepatocytes. How fibroblasts build new beams. How they grow into capillaries, blood vessels and bile ducts. And here comes a herbalist and he starts to spill something about his stomach without knowing what a peroxisome and a cytochrome. Or have you ever heard of a charlatan talking about peroxisomachics and glucurytics ("glucuronidation drops")? Simply herbal terminology hangs hopelessly in times of dark feudalism, and hence the article on hepatoprotective from a biomedical point of view can only be bad. I do not even think of continuing to list other natural means for the liver, among which would be perennial crayfish , Indian caterpillars , Asian umbilicals , Japanese kumkvat , Aramids , Mangostans bitter , Orangut oval , Spurdy grapes , Sweet peppers , Indian lotus , Carnation Kornig , Black Water Lily , Chinese Peony (Part of the General Enhancer Potion ), Insect Sculpture , Ceylon Lead, Ceylon Lead , Puffy Cuckoo , Linseed Nettle, Chinese Lizard , Red Sage , Pancake Shamrock , heartbeat , bitter raspberries, blueberries , vintage panacea (without alcohol!) and seafood.

| 24.1.2018