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Taxonomy and species determination of Glossy Glossy ( Ganoderma lucidum agg.)

Unlike ginseng , glossy glossy lukewarm luck does not mean that someone is deliberately confused with other types of mushrooms. When we read "gloss", we can be thankful that we are moving within the genus Ganoderma . But there are still difficulties. The Ganoderma lucidum agg. Sponge-like species is strictly delimited in the genus Ganoderma . This also affects the healing effects - it is simply not glossy as a gloss. (If you are interested in the healing effect of glossy glass, then it may be more informative instead of taxonomy to read what is known as glossy glass commercially .)

Ganoderma lucidum agg. as a fungus taxa

Ganoderma lucidum agg. is a species that occurs throughout the northern hemisphere. It is common for fungi that geographical distance does not mean anything to them. Spores are easy to fly thousands of kilometers, so it's not surprising that we find the same sponge in Europe, Asia and North America.

Ganoderma lucidum was originally described in the UK at the end of the 18th century. Gradually it was found that mushrooms that look like Ganoderma lucidum rarely occur but in a huge area around the world. In this way, a variety of subspecies were included in the genus Ganoderma lucidum , including Chinese "fungi immortal" - ling-chi.

At present, the fungus taxon Ganoderma lucidum appears to be a complex of about 10 indistinguishable species. There is no border between these species, they move smoothly into each other. That is why, under the Latin name of glossy glosses, it is correct to write the abbreviation agg. - aggregate: Ganoderma lucidum agg. Awareness of the difficult taxonomy of glossy leaves is lacking not only for most growers, but also a problem for the research of its effects. Therefore, genetic identification projects and glossary genome annotations currently under way in Taiwan and China are important.

By reading the DNA, the question of generic classification or division of glossy gloss may eventually be solved. But it's not as easy as paternity confirmation: In the words of hseu1996dgi , "the determination of random sequence DNA sequences is unreliable because it is too sensitive to different methods of statistical processing." Incorrectly speaking, Ganoderma lucidum agg. has such a mess in genetics that we can determine the kinds we want.

Mushrooms are an element of interconnection in nature. Just as mushrooms connect trees in the forest and continental ecosystems, the fungus cells blend in hyphae and fungal species in indistinguishable aggregates . While human cells have all the same DNA, cores with different genomes can coexist in fungal hyphae. While people have sex two, female and male arches, mushrooms such as Ganoderma lucidum agg. they have four or eight. And when the different kernels and sexes in those hyphas begin to mate with each other, then the real mushroom genetic bouquet is created ...

Clearing this disorder is not easy. From a theoretical point of view, this is done by a combination of a ribosome sequence with information about the geographical origin ( hong2004pag ). In the practical cultivation of shiny gloss , this problem is solved by selecting fungal strains of proven properties - so that regardless of taxonomy, the resulting material has the required medicinal properties.

Traditional classification of glossy gloss

The existence of several different types of glosses of various properties has been known for many years. A certain problem is that the Chinese name of glossy ling-ling may also refer to other mushrooms in the old books, such as Ganoderma sinense , Ganoderma carnosum , etc. Not every kind of gloss has the same composition - for example, G. sinense almost does not contain ganoderic acids and triterpenes typical of G. lucidum (22226558).

According to the colors, the TČM distinguishes ling-or red, black, white, yellow, and purple, and I do not know what. Depending on the shape, it may be a classic ling with a hock and a hat, or the puppy may rather be sessile, or have a slender shape. Orientation according to the shapes and colors does not mean that the TČM is backward: It shows, for example, that the scalloped ferns represent another, southern subspecies of glossy cake with other content of triteppenoids.

Which glossary is the "right"?

If you have read this up, then you are clear why a hard answer to this question is. Glossy is a sponge discovered by TČM with its typical Asian approach based on experience and unchangeable tradition. Without the sacred respect that the glossy glass in the Chinese culture enjoys , this sponge as a cure certainly escapes our science.

When choosing a glossy mirror, the same rule applies as for other TCs and anything else: Think. The woodgrass sponges can be grown free of charge , vulgarly, in every shed. I would also recommend this - in a society that is increasingly hostile to the individual, our hope and the source of healing and other forces of nature. And the adaptogens that we harvest or grow ourselves help twice - whether they are blueberries or gingerbread. On the other hand, if we intend to use the fungus to treat a serious illness, then it is necessary to use the product of a traditional supplier - ensuring the effectiveness of the resulting material is not quite simple ...

| 1.9.2012