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Taxonomy and species determination of glossy gloss ( Ganoderma lucidum agg.)

In contrast to ginseng , glossy glossy luck luck does not mean that someone would interfere with it with other types of mushrooms. When we read "gloss", we can be thankful that we are moving within the genus Ganoderma . However, there are still difficulties. The Ganoderma lucidum agg. Is not strictly defined in the genus Ganoderma . It also affects the healing effects - it is not a glossy glossy gloss. (If you are interested in the healing effects of glossy ice cream, then it may be more informative instead of taxonomy to read what is referred to as glossy glass commercially .)

Ganoderma lucidum agg. As a fungus taxa

Ganoderma lucidum agg. Is a species that occurs throughout the northern hemisphere. It is common for fungi that geographical distance does not mean anything to them. Spores can fly thousands of kilometers, so it's not surprising to find the same sponge in Europe, Asia and North America.

Ganoderma lucidum was originally described in the UK at the end of the 18th century. Gradually it was found that mushrooms that look like Ganoderma lucidum are seldom, but in a huge area around the world. In this way, a variety of subspecies were included in the genus Ganoderma lucidum , including Chinese "fungi immortal" - ling-chi.

At present, the fungus taxon Ganoderma lucidum appears to be a complex of about 10 indistinguishable species. There is no border between these species, they move smoothly into each other. That is why, under the Latin name of glossy glosses, it is right to write the abbreviation agg. - aggregate: Ganoderma lucidum agg. Awareness of the difficult taxonomy of glossy leaves is lacking not only for most growers, but also a problem for research on its effects. Therefore, genetic identification projects and annotations of the glossy genome genome are currently under way in Taiwan and China.

By reading the DNA, the question of sorting or division of glossy gloss may eventually be solved. But it is not as easy as paternity confirmation: In the words of the hseu1996dgi publication, "the determination of random sequence DNA sequences is unreliable because it is too sensitive to different methods of statistical processing." Incorrectly speaking, Ganoderma lucidum agg. Has such a disorder in genetics that we can determine the kinds we want.

Mushrooms are an element of interconnection in nature. Just as mushrooms connect trees in the forest and continental ecosystems, the fungus cells blend in hyphae and fungal species in indistinguishable aggregates . While human cells have all the same DNA, cores with different genomes can coexist in mushroom hyphae. While people have sex two, female and male arteries, mushrooms such as Ganoderma lucidum agg. They have four or eight. And when the different kernels and sexes in those hyphas begin to mate with each other, then the real mushroom genetic bouquet is created ...

Clearing this disorder is not easy. From a theoretical point of view, this is done by a taxonomist, for example, by combining a ribosome sequence with information about the geographical origin ( hong2004pag ). In the practical cultivation of shiny gloss , this problem is solved by selecting fungal strains of proven properties - so that regardless of taxonomy, the resulting material has the required medicinal properties.

Traditional classification of glossy gloss

The existence of several different types of glosses of various properties has been known for many years. A certain problem is that the Chinese name of glossy licking "ling-or" can also be used to refer to other mushrooms in the old books, such as Ganoderma sinense , Ganoderma carnosum , etc. Not every kind of gloss has the same composition - for example, G. sinense almost does not contain ganoderic acids And triterpenes typical of G. lucidum (22226558).

According to the colors, the TČM distinguishes ling-or red, black, white, yellow, and purple, and I do not know what. Depending on the shape, it may be a classical ling with a hock and a hat, or the puppy may rather be sessile or have a slender shape. Orientation according to shapes and colors does not have to mean that the TČM is backward: For example, it shows, for example, that the scalloped fruiting are another, southern subspecies of glossy cake with other content of triteppenoids.

Which glossary is the "right"?

If you have read this up, then you are clear why a hard answer to this question is. Glossy is a sponge discovered by TČM with its typical Asian approach based on experience and unchangeable tradition. Without the sacred respect that the glossy glass in the Chinese culture enjoys , this sponge as a cure certainly escapes our science.

When choosing a glossy mirror, the same rule applies to other TCMs and anything else: Think. The woodgrass sponges can be grown free of charge , vulgarly, in every shed. I would also recommend this - in a society that is increasingly hostile to the individual, our hope and source of healing and other forces of nature. And the adaptogens that we harvest or grow ourselves are helping twice - whether they are blueberries or gingerbread. On the other hand, if we intend to use the fungus to treat a serious illness, then it is necessary to use the product of a traditional supplier - to ensure the effectiveness of the resulting material is not quite simple ...

| 1.9.2012