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Taxonomy and species determination of glans glossy ( Ganoderma lucidum agg.)

Unlike ginseng , lukewarm glossy luckily does not mean that someone would interfere with it with other types of mushrooms. When we read "gloss", we can be thankful that we are moving within the genus Ganoderma . However, there are still difficulties. The Ganoderma lucidum agg. Sponge- like species is strictly delimited in the genus Ganoderma. It also affects the healing effects - it is not a glossy glossy gloss. (If you are interested in the healing effects of glossy glass, then it may be more informative instead of taxonomy to read what is known as glossy glass commercially .)

Ganoderma lucidum agg. As a fungus taxa

Ganoderma lucidum agg. Is a species that occurs throughout the northern hemisphere. It's common for fungi that geographic distance does not mean anything to them. The spores are easy to fly thousands of kilometers, so it's not surprising to find the same sponge in Europe, Asia and North America.

Ganoderma lucidum was originally described in the UK at the end of the 18th century. Gradually it was found that mushrooms that look like Ganoderma lucidum are rare, but in a huge area around the world. In this way, a variety of subspecies were included in the genus Ganoderma lucidum, including Chinese "fungi immortals" - ling-ch.

At present, the fungus taxa Ganoderma lucidum appears to be a complex of about 10 indistinguishable species. There is no boundary between these species, they flow smoothly into each other. That is why, under the Latin name of glossy glosses, it is right to write the abbreviation agg. - aggregate : Ganoderma lucidum agg. Awareness of the difficult taxonomy of glossy leaves is lacking not only for most growers, but also a problem for research on its effects. Therefore, genetic identification and annotations of the glossary genome genomes currently under way in Taiwan and China are important.

By reading the DNA, the question of generic classification or division of glossy gloss may eventually be solved. But it is not as easy as paternity confirmation: In the words of hseu1996dgi, "the determination of random sequence DNA sequences is unreliable because it is too sensitive to various methods of statistical processing." Incorrectly speaking, Ganoderma lucidum agg. Has such a disorder in genetics that we can determine the kinds we want.

Mushrooms are an element of interconnection in nature. Like mushrooms, the trees in the forest and the continental ecosystems connect, and the fungus cells blend in hyphae and fungus species into indistinguishable aggregates . While human cells have all the same DNA, cores with different genomes can coexist in fungal hyphae. While humans have two sexes, female and male arches, mushrooms such as Ganoderma lucidum agg. They have four or eight. And when the different kernels and sexes in those hyphas begin to mate with each other, then the real mushroom genetic bouquet ...

Clearing this disorder is not easy. From a theoretical point of view, this is done by a combination of a ribosome sequence with information about the geographical origin ( hong2004pag ). In the practical cultivation of glossy gloss , this problem is solved by selecting mushroom strains of proven properties - so that regardless of taxonomy, the resulting material has the desired medicinal properties.

Traditional classification of glossy gloss

The existence of several different types of glosses of different properties has been known for many years. A certain problem is that the Chinese name of glossy licking "ling-or" can also be used to refer to other mushrooms in the old books, such as Ganoderma sinense , Ganoderma carnosum , etc. Not every kind of gloss has the same composition - for example, G. sinense almost does not contain ganoderic acids And triterpenes typical of G. lucidum (22226558).

According to the colors, the TČM distinguishes ling-or red, black, white, yellow, and purple, and I do not know what. Depending on the shape, it may be a classical ling with a hock and a hat, or the puppy may rather be sessile or have a slender shape. Orientation according to shapes and colors does not have to mean that the TČM is backward: For example, it shows, for example, that the scallops are another, southern subspecies of glossy cake with a different content of triteppenoids.

Which glossary is the "correct"?

If you have read this up, then you are clear why a hard answer to this question is. Glossy is a sponge that has been discovered by TČM with its typical Asian approach based on experience and immutable transmission of tradition. Without the sacred respect that glamorokora enjoys in Chinese culture , this sponge as a cure certainly escapes our science.

When choosing a glossy mirror, the same rule applies to other TCMs and anything else: Think. The woodgrass sponges can be cultivated free of charge , vulgarly, in each shed. I would also recommend this - in a society that is more and more hostile to the individual, our hope and the source of healing and other forces of nature. And the adaptogens that we harvest or grow ourselves help twice - whether they are blueberries or gingerbread. On the other hand, if we intend to use the fungus for the treatment of a serious illness, it is necessary to use the product of a traditional supplier - to ensure the effectiveness of the resulting material is not quite simple ...

| 1.9.2012