Heart disease is one of the most common causes of death. Some are inborn, others create unhealthy lifestyles and poor diet and habits throughout our lives. The latter are referred to as civilization diseases of the heart , including:
- atherosclerosis of coronary arteries (not to confuse with arteriosclerosis );
- ischemic heart disease
- cardiac hypertrophy
The most common cause of heart disease is immune problems
The purpose of this text is not to supplement the textbook of cardiology, I only offer a not quite obvious insight that quantitatively most civilization diseases of the heart immune reasons . The most common cause of ischemic heart disease - coronary atherosclerosis - is immune related. White blood cells (macrophages) are directly involved in the growth of atheromas in the blood vessels. (More precisely, their ability to routinely purify blood vessels is reduced.) Other heart diseases also have immune roots: Rheumatoid arthritis, as we know, the joints only lick, but the heart of gurgling. Lupus erythematosus , as we know, accelerates atherosclerosis ( Stojan2013asl ). Both of these diseases are autoimmune . Also, obesity (and especially abdominal fat) irritates the immune system. Obesity increases susceptibility to inflammation ( Delgado2008oas ), atherosclerosis and its above-mentioned consequences. In other words, if you want to have a healthy heart, do not go out and protect your immune system!
Coronary atherosclerosis has been progressing for a long time without any manifestation. It is very late to manifest as ischemic heart disease with a heart attack ( angina pectoris ) with relatively little effort. Approximately 50% of patients experience coronary atherosclerosis in any way - their first symptom is myocardial infarction . These and other heart diseases (arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, cardiac hypertrophy due to high blood pressure , etc.) can be demonstrated by their association with metabolic syndrome, obesity and other civilization diseases.
Natural treatment and prevention of heart disease
Plant adaptogens have traditionally been used to treat heart disease. While some heart diseases are congenital or have an anatomical nature, which herbs do not have a chance to influence, adapogens and medicinal plants have a great chance of ill-related illness. These are the civilization diseases of the heart - these are mainly ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction. To prevent them, it is most important to prevent the development of coronary atherosclerosis. Another type of civilization heart disease (cardiac hypertrophy, etc.) leads to hypertension . Altogether, traditional means in the 21st century have again gained interest in science, and our findings on heart and vessel-active plants have grown significantly. Medicinal plants are even used acutely in the treatment of myocardial infarction and other acute ischemic conditions .
Prevention of heart disease
Every normally consuming person uses medicinal plants. Onions, garlic, parsley, celery, oregano, basil, ginger, cloves, pepper - practically everything we perceive as "spice" or "vegetable soup" are actually medicinal plants - our ancestors are chosen by tradition. This is why vegetables are to be eaten. Plants are a source of polyphenols, antioxidants, vitamins, carotenoids (lutein, lycopene, zeaxanthin, b-carotene glory), fiber ... Nutritional overviews are regularly reviewed. For example, the Ignarro2007npa review , specifically focused on heart disease prevention, discusses, in addition to the aforementioned, also ω-3 unsaturated fatty acids, PUFA ( Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, unsaturated fatty acids with multiple unsaturated bonds), wine contents (resveratrol etc.) I attach here effective adaptogen plants: ginseng ( Panax spp.), Rhodium ( Rhodiola spp.) And Japanese sedge ( Ophiopogon japonicus ). Other hearts of beneficial adaptogens and plants of the TČM are known less: Saffron leuzea ( Rhaponticum carthamoides , Maimeskulova2000aep ), Red Sage ( Salvia miltiorrhiza , Sieveking2005chd ), Kudzu ( Pueraria lobata , Sieveking2005chd ), Schisandra chinensis , Li2011sic ... no one knows the most effective plants and fungi, although they grow unrecognized in the Amazonian or Indonesian forests. I apologize to all those who are not mentioned and I welcome them.
Preventive and curative effect of ginseng on civilization diseases of the heart
Ginseng is a traditional medicine for cardiologists ( Jia2012cgm ). Ginseng is used alone ( Gai2012egr , Li2012srg , Maslov2009ica ) and in combinations, such as Carthamus tinctorius , Han2013eai or Japanese sedge ( Ophiopogon japonicus , Li2011sic ).
In China and Japan, it is traditionally used in the prevention of atherosclerosis ( Morisaki1995mae ), which is the cause of heart stroke . American ginseng has very similar content and acts similarly. The mainstream of ginseng's cardiovascular effects research has been devoted not only to prevention, but to treatment (ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia, heart stroke, stroke, heart attack, and other hypertension- related diseases such as cardiac hypertrophy, etc.)
In addition to preventive action, ginseng also has healing effects for already more severe ischemic heart disease , acute heart stroke, and convalescents. The therapeutic effect of ginseng here lies mainly in increasing coronary blood flow and improving myocardial blood supply ( Yi2010tgi , Lim2013gai ) and anticoagulant action (against blood clot formation). In addition, a more general cytoprotective effect is applied which protects the cells in the affected areas from death. I wrote a special article about the protective effect of ginseng and other adaptogens in myocardial and cerebral stroke and I will not discuss it further.
Many other heart diseases, such as those caused by hypertension (cardiac hypertrophy, pulmonary heart, etc.), have not been reported . The documented effect of ginseng versus cardiac hypertrophy ( Karmazyn2011tpg , Moey2012gre and others) is attributed, for example, to ginsenoside Rg 1 ( Zhang2013grp ) from particular panaxosides. The total panaxoside extract was also found to be effective against right ventricular hypertrophy ( Jiang2007ieg and others). Ginseng may act positively against heart failure ( You2005pgr , rat).
Ginseng or related notoginseng is not contraindicated in cardiac patients. Sometimes mentioned ginseng interactions with warfarin are, according to available experimental data ( Zhu1999pig , Vaes2000iww , Lee2010ibw ) into the realm of superstition . Warfarin is Paracelsus Pharmacon : In very low doses, it is an anticoagulant drug, in higher doses an anticoagulant is particularly suitable for rodent control, as it is cumulative and has an easy antidote (vitamin K) in case of unwanted poisoning. Ginseng is not a paracelsal pharmacogen but an adaptogen. Like warfarin, it has its own anticoagulant effect ( Jin2007aaa , Yu2006aaa , Yun2001ekr ), but it does not become a poison even at high doses.
Other adaptogens with an effect on the prevention and treatment of heart disease
- Gnocen notoginseng : Long-term low doses of notoginsengu had a positive effect on blood cholesterol and the amount of LDL fat in rats ( Ji2007hem ) in fatty rats . The specific effect of notoginsengu against atherosclerosis was experimentally detected in rabbits ( Liu2010pns ), rats ( Joo2010isp ) and ApoE knockout mice with genetic susceptibility to atherosclerosis ( Liu2009tpn , Li2011gpc ).
- Stools : Show positive results against diabetic atherosclerosis in rats. The sacred rosary ( Rhodiola sacra ) has a positive effect on the heart in hypertensive rats ( Yang2013ers ).
- Japanese sedum is traditionally used in the treatment of heart disease. It was found that sitting saponins affect myocardial cell calcium ( Tao2005smd , Tao2005esm ), while its polysaccharides (MDG-1 et al.) Protect the heart during ischemia ( Zheng2007peo , Wang2010pmi , Wang2012pma , Zhang2016cpe ). Ethanol extract sediment in the experiment showed an antithrombotic effect ( Kou2005iee ) and saponin ophiopogonin D protected vascular endothelial cells ( Qian2010oph ) and cardiac muscle ( Zhang2015oad ) from damage. Other saponins in the experiment improved myocardial regeneration ( Lan2013ccf ). It may also have an effect against atherosclerosis ( Zhang2011mdi ).
- Baikal Shishak and its flavonoids protect against heart failure ( Zhao2016ceb , Shen2014bpc ) and have a protective effect on heart stroke ( Lai2016brl , Chen2014bac ). Flavonoid vogonin from shishak protects the heart from diabetic damage ( Khan2016wad ). Bajkalin and geniposide from Jasmine gardenia were active in experimental atherosclerosis in vivo ( Liu2014oab ).