If herbal remedy has a weakness, it is precisely in the field of antibiotic effects . This is because there is a constant evolutionary chemical struggle between herbs and bacteria, in which the bacteria, thanks to their short generation time, are clearly on top. Infectious disease developers, responsible for the high mortality rate of infants, children and adults, which had been the rule in the past, have long developed resistance to common and less common antibiotic herbs that were commonly used in the past. One reason why herbal medicine in the 20th century was worth surviving was the triumph of penicillin and other new antibiotics over the traditionally used herbs. The reason was that the newly introduced antibiotics were not yet known in the world of bacteria. It is no longer the case today. Strains of antibiotics resistant to new antibiotics (MRSA strains) are common today and there is a need for antibiotics even newer and more neatly - we have become entangled in a chemical weapons plant with organisms whose typical generation time is 30 minutes. Compared to infectious diseases , non-infectious diseases are evolving and traditional herbs are treated as hard as they once were. But back to the antibiotics.
Types of antibiotics
Depending on the type of germs germans, antibiotics are divided into:
- Bactericides and bacteriostatic - antibacterial
- Antimycotics and mycostatic drugs - destroys fungal pathogens
- Antiprotozoal drugs - destroying protozoa
- Antihelmintics and other antiparasitics - against worms and other internal parasites
Antibiotics in the narrow sense include antibacterial agents, sometimes also anti-protozoal antibiotics. Thus, doctors may recommend patients with mycosis to avoid using antibiotics in the narrower sense, which often promotes fungal infections. Antiviral agents are not counted among antibiotics. Thus, doctors can give patients an important recommendation not to take antibiotic viral diseases.
Antibiotic counter antiseptic
The key property of antibiotics is their therapeutic index - the ratio of effective and toxic dose. In other words, antibiotics must be much more toxic to pathogens than to humans. This is an important restriction that excludes many antimicrobial agents from the category of curable antibiotics that can be used as a mere antiseptic - ie, for external disinfection and surface cleaning. For example, alcohol (70% ethanol) is an excellent harmless antiseptic to disinfect skin and surfaces (not plexi!) That also destroy viruses. However, alcohol is totally unusable to fight internal infections because it is as toxic to humans as it is for microbes. In addition, good antibiotics may not decompose in the stomach and must pass into the bloodstream and target tissues. The development of new good antibiotics, or their bioprospecting in previously unexplored species of living organisms, is therefore difficult. Good antibiotics must be weighed and used only in patients who really need them to prevent the spread of resistant strains of pathogens.
Because they are so rare, doctors are taking antibiotics as well as relatively toxic agents only when they heal the resistant infection they are struggling with. Since Paracelsus has been used to treat syphilis and other infections in Europe, violent poisonous mercury has been used. (The pearl is that Paracelsa accused the Gray of a Dutch importer of competitive guajak wood, which was, however, against syphilide ineffective, and another parachute is that Paracelsus probably died of chronic mercury poisoning, see Paracelsus medications .) Mercury on Paracelsus antibiotics list in the 20th. Century arsenic, bismuth and their compounds. There have been attempts to internally use antiseptic colloidal silver. Paracelsus drug therapy eventually (temporarily) triumphed over the infections first with sulfonamides and later with beta-lactam antibiotics (penicillin, cephalosporin, ...) whose therapeutic index was already relatively good. The series of Paracelsus antibiotics supplemented with tetracycline and other effective antibacterial poisons. As Paracelsus drugs, the famous 20th-century antibiotics need precise dosing, so it is necessary to prepare them in precisely standardized forms (tablets, drops, injections ...). These forms of medicine have become a symbol of advances in drug therapy and the superiority of industrial drugs over previously used drugs Natural form.
A little theoretical medicine ...
It could be continued by, for example, pointing out that traditional herbs are still as good as they used to be in the past, against diseases that do not receive resistance (such as atherosclerosis , diabetes and other civilization diseases). Or that cancer is at the borderline between infections and civilization diseases because it evolves but only within an individual patient. Cancer is not portable (except for the cancer of the bear's devil's liver, which is transmitted to other devils by a bite) and the resulting evolutionary experience does not pass on to other generations. Therefore, anti-rabies are still as good or bad as they once were. Or, as European surgeons enjoyed when Joseph Lister discovered and introduced aseptic surgery (using antiseptic carbons, as he once called phenol), so that patients stopped dying of infection, and European surgeons could discover an increasingly extensive and complex life-saving operation. Or, by not having the least chance to compete with microbes with our generational age of 20 to 30 years, so actually the microbes and viruses of most illnesses take us grace to kill us and instead make us bacillo. Their hosts quickly kill only evolutionarily young, inexperienced diseases such as swelling plague or ebola. Syphilis also shows a gradual decrease in virulence that occurred in Europe over the centuries of history of this disease. Or where our immune system goes, when today our newborns do not have to demonstrate their fitness to survive childhood infections, and their mothers have the ability to protect their children from immunoglobulins in breast milk. Sooner or later, we either have to return to a more natural way of life and a more natural proportion of child mortality, or the evolution of our immunity will have to be taken artificially by gentlemen with white cloaks and good intentions. But I do not want to talk about it. I would too get to the edge of really important topics that I am trying to avoid somewhat unsuccessfully ...
Antibiotic effects of natural medicines
All organisms face a continuous onslaught of microbes from the environment. It is therefore not surprising that plants, fungi and animals contain poisons called antibiotics. An exception is not a human being: We release β-defensins on the surface of the skin and mucous membranes, which are our natural antibiotics that are effective against most bacteria. It is not a question of whether or not natural medicines contain effective antibiotics - since penicillins and cephalosporins are of mushroom origin, gramicidin S, streptomycin, tetracycline, erythromycin, chloramphenicol, and many other antibiotics are bacterial and synthetic antibiotics based on natural patterns. The question is when famous antibiotics are all natural, so why is herbal infection treatment so bad?
Why is the herbal treatment of infections so bad?
I say that this is because the typical casual, lazy approach of herbalists and their patients, who is celebrating success in the treatment and prevention of non-infectious diseases, is absolutely inappropriate in the treatment of microbial infections . The major difference between infectious and noninfectious diseases is that the pathogens of the infections are subject to evolution. Fighting with microbes resembles a war: A new weapon must defeat the enemy before it develops the weapon. And the evolution of microbes is very fast, so the healer has about 3 weeks of infection to kill the enemy - then (if the patient still lives) he can declare old weapons obsolete and replace new ones. I assert that in the treatment of infections, the wart-like approach to herbalism must replace the discipline of standardized pharmaceutical forms and the strict dosage typical of antibiotic use in Western medicine. When patients drink what they want, when they want and what they want, it can not be surprising that the thymus and sage on the plague plague and chlamydia do not work. Particularly when they have been testing the long generations of our healing ancestors ...
Because ginseng model adaptogen is not suitable for the treatment of acute microbial infections, a purple chamois , which has traditionally been used in North America to treat infections and injuries, serves as an example of a typical antimicrobial adaptogen. According to the Hudson2012ape overview, traditional thalamus indications include influenza , respiratory tract infections , toothache, urinary and sexually transmitted infections, ulcers, burns, skin infections, insect stings, allergies and rheumatic fever. The same review refers to the presence of specific antibacterial and antiviral effects in this herb. In recent years, endophytic bacteria and fungus fungi that live within the plant's tissues (probably as nitrifying bacteria living inside the root of the legume) have been reported to have at least some of its antibiotic effects ( Maida2016aib , Carvalho2016mpd ).
Other plants with antibiotic and antiseptic effects
- Baikal Shihak is valuable for its action against bacterial infections ( Bozov2015aan , Qian2015sbb ), in TČM it is used for so-called "extinction of fever", ie practically for the treatment of respiratory infections , diarrhea and digestive disorders , hepatitis and jaundice .
- The Indian Trump (Oroxylum Indicum) is similar to the bayaline, and also has antimicrobial effects.
- Sage is inherent to traditional wound healing and infection management, whether it be Salvia officinalis, Salvia miltiorrhiza, Salvia apiana honored by Indian shamans or other species (S. chamaedryoides , S. wiedemannii, S. multicaulis, S. austriaca, S. deserta, S. adenophora, S. verticcilata, S. fruticosa, S. hispanica, etc., not to mention S. divinorum). Antibacterial properties do not exhaust the list of indications of this traditional panacea, for example, the Su2015smt overview.
- Calendula officinalis is another traditional weapon of European healers. An example of a modern experimental study of its antibiotic effects is Efstratiou2012aac .
- Zederach Indian (Azadirachta indica) is a tree with antibacterial properties, which is said to be harmless. Overview of Subapriya2005mpn is dedicated to the use of its sheets, an overview of Korym2013rpt .
- According to the review of Muluye2014aae coming from TČM , the antibiotic effects also include dwarf bora, Viola philippica, Pulsatilla chinensis, Houttuynia cordata and patrinia scabiosaefolia.
- Tanacetum vulgare is another traditional antibacterial herb, the antibiotic component identifies, for example, Moricz2015tia. It is part of the herbal pharmaceutical product Septimeb ( Eslami2012pes ) effective in septic states.
- The antibacterial plant is also a nettle (Urtica dioica), see Motamedi2014iud .
- Its antibiotic properties are known propolis, but it comes from resin bees of available plants. Particularly effective is tropical propolis containing components of the trotter (Clusia major, 12064743).
- Nigella sativa has Morsi2000aec effect against several strains of bacteria that are resistant to common antibiotics.
- Other known antibacterial plants are cinnamon (cinammomum), cloves, quinine, kazeput alternate ...
- Effective and especially popular in the past were simple disinfectants - phenol, camphor, benzoic acid (so-called benzoic wood), alcohol, methanol, propanol, vinegar and other organic acids. Citric acid also serves as a protection in citrus fruits, the first barrier is limonene and other volatile substances of the crust.
- One can not forget the antiseptic effects of garlic, onion and crustacean compounds (horseradish, wasabia), bearded, peppery, astritic (chimpanzee, yarrow)
When I talk about the absence of known strong antibiotic effects in common medicinal plants, it does not apply to medicinal sponges - because penicillin is also from mold. If I concentrate only on classical mushrooms ( Macromycota ), I came across an interesting Italian study ( Bianco1981bra ) that measured the antibiotic effects of several dozen forest basidiomycetes, and the activity against Staphylococcus aureus was found in the Psathyrella spadiceogrisea , Fistulina hepatica, ( Fomitopsis pinicola ), edible tusk ( Shitake , Lentinula edodes ), and Deconica coprophila . The edible bush is easy to buy, all the other mushrooms grow in our country, although I do not know how abundantly. If there was an enlightened forester, or a living folk healer in the forest, who would gather this combination of mushrooms and prepare the potion in a suitable way, this potion would probably take on the gold staphylococcus. Note: Fossil lice are among the non-hallucinogenic lyes, so we do not have to worry about it in this way if we move over the nature of what is usually growing. Finally, I would also like to mention that certain antibiotic properties against gold staphylococcus have glutaraldehyde and triterpenoids glossy (see, for example, Smania Junior2006ddn ), but I do not know their pharmacodynamics or what the antibiotic effects might be.
Principles of effective use of natural antibiotics in treatment
The publication and popularization of such lists of effective plants is of great importance in non-infectious diseases, but in the fight against microbial diseases, there is a need for standardized dosage forms derived from these herbs or better by their particular active ingredients . I'm sorry that I have to play cards in the rotten pharmaceutical industry here, but the fight against infection can not be resolved differently. It is aesthetic to use herbs in natural form (roots, teas, etc.), but in combating infection it is necessary to guarantee the content of antibiotic substances and their disciplined use. It is a challenge and a question for the pharmaceutical industry, why no Echinacea antibiotic pills or Neisseria meningitidis pelvic inflammatory drugs such as Huttunen2016nap or Salt Diet Pills with a list of susceptible strains Bacteria and recommended dosing, as identified by the experimental Bisio2017ahd study. Since sage had been used by innumerable generations of our ancestors, it would not be too much surprise for the bacilli in the war of infection. But the disciplined use of its active substances could alleviate the course of bacterial infections and supplement the treatment with conventional fungal and bacterial antibiotics.
The doctors do the herbs quite thoroughly
Here I have to highlight the approach of the TCM, which does not dispense Czech herbs in the form of a "tea broom", but in the form of an exact prescription, usually herbal powder prescribed for a particular patient who has to take it regularly three times a day. Only in this way can the antibacterial and antibiotic effects of herbs benefit. Do not use herbs to treat infectious diseases alone - just to boost pathogens. Go to the TCM Center or to a conscious MUDr. Physicians familiar with medical botany.