Saffron from the Iridaceae family is known mainly as a spice. It uses its blizzards, which have a high price due to their low density. It is a traditional medicine used in the European cultural space as well as in the TČM. Its main active substances are carotenoids crocine, krocene, β-carotene and safranal. They have antioxidant effects, protect the blood vessels, the liver, nerve cells and have anticancer action (see Introduction to the Chen2015cic study, which otherwise documents the effect of corneum against lung cancer cell lines).
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