Saffron from the Iridaceae family is known mainly as a spice. Its blizzards are used, which have a high price due to their low density. It is a traditional medicine used in the European cultural space as well as in the TČM. Its main active ingredients are carotenoids, crocine, krocene, β-carotene and safranal. They have antioxidant effects, protect blood vessels, liver, nerve cells and have anticancer effects (see introduction to the Chen2015cic study, which otherwise documents the effect of corneum against lung cancer cell lines).
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