Heart disease is the most common cause of death. Some are inherited, others are creating during the life of an unhealthy lifestyle and poor diet and habits. The latter are referred to herein as civilization heart disease, among them are:
- atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries (not to be confused with arteriosclerosis )
- ischemic heart disease
- cardiac hypertrophy
The most common cause of heart disease, immune problems
The purpose of this text does not substitute for a textbook of cardiology, offering not only completely obvious insight that quantitatively most diseases of civilization heart Immune reasons . The most common cause of ischemic heart disease - coronary atherosclerosis - takes the immune context. White blood cells (macrophages) are directly involved in the growth of atheroma in the arteries. (More precisely, reducing their ability to perform routine cleaning vessels.) However, other heart diseases tend immune roots: Rheumatoid arthritis, as we know, only licks joints but the heart gnawing. Lupus erythematosus, as we know, accelerates atherosclerosis ( Stojan2013asl ). Both of these diseases are autoimmune . Also, obesity (and especially abdominal fat) irritates the immune system. Obesity increases susceptibility to inflammation ( Delgado2008oas ) atherosclerosis and its consequences mentioned above. In other words, if you have a healthy heart, stay thin and protect your immune system!
Coronary atherosclerosis time progresses without any manifested. Until very late to appear as ischemic heart disease with heart pain (angina pectoris) with a relatively small effort. Approximately 50% of patients with coronary atherosclerosis does not affect at all - the first sign of a myocardial infarction . For these and other heart diseases (arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, cardiac hypertrophy due to hypertension etc.) may be demonstrated by their association with the metabolic syndrome, obesity and other diseases of civilization.
Herbal adaptogens are traditionally used to treat heart disease. While some heart diseases are inherited or have an anatomical character that herbs have a chance to influence a great chance to have adaptogens and medicinal plants for diseases related to poor lifestyle. These are telling civilization heart disease - are especially ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction. The prevention is important to prevent the development of coronary atherosclerosis. Another type of civilization cardiac diseases (cardiac hypertrophy, etc.) results in hypertension . Overall, the traditional means in the 21st century has regained interest in science and our knowledge about the plant effective on the heart and blood vessels significantly widened. Medicinal plants are also acutely even applied in the treatment of myocardial infarction and other acute ischemic conditions .
Prevention of heart disease
Each person normally consuming used medicinal plants. Onions, garlic, parsley, celery, oregano, basil, ginger, cloves, pepper - virtually everything we perceive as "spice" or "soup vegetables" are actually medicinal plants - our ancestors is based on tradition and chose. This is the reason why they should eat "vegetables". Plants are our source of polyphenols, antioxidants, vitamins, carotenoids (lutein, lycopene, zeaxanthin, β-carotene glory treats), fiber ... these regularly engage in nutritional surveys. For example overview Ignarro2007npa , specifically aimed at the prevention of heart disease in addition to the above analyzes also the ω-3 unsaturated fatty acids, PUFA (polyunsaturated fatty acids = unsaturated fatty acids with multiple unsaturations), wine constituents (resveratrol and the like.) And the like. The most efficient plants here enclose among adaptogens: Ginseng (Panax spp.), Rhodiola (Rhodiola spp.) And Japanese sedoulek (Ophiopogon japonicus). Other heart of beneficial plants TCM adaptogens and less known: Leuzea safflower (Rhaponticum carthamoides, Maimeskulova2000aep ) červenokořenná sage (Salvia miltiorrhiza, Sieveking2005chd ), kudzu (Pueraria lobata, Sieveking2005chd ) Chinese Schisandra (Schisandra chinensis, Li2011sic ) ... Even more know at all, and even the most efficient plants and fungi knows no one, though unrecognized grow in the Amazonian and Indonesian rainforests. All not mentioned apologize and welcome additions.
Ginseng is for cardiac traditional medicine (TCM Jia2012cgm ). Ginseng is used alone ( Gai2012egr , Li2012srg , Maslov2009ica ) and in combination, for example, safflower (Carthamus tinctorius Han2013eai ) or sedoulkem Japanese (Ophiopogon japonicus Li2011sic ).
In China and Japan are traditionally used in the prevention of atherosclerosis ( morisaki1995mae ), which is the cause of heart attack . American ginseng is very similar constituents and acts like. Mainstream research Cardiovascular effects of ginseng since the 80s rather than prevention pays, but treatment (ischemic heart disease, arrhythmias, heart failure, myocardial damage in stroke, healing of heart attack and other diseases associated with hypertension, such as cardiac hypertrophy, etc.).
In addition to preventative action has ginseng and has curative effects on dostavivší with ischemic heart disease , acute heart attack and convalescents these events překonavších. The therapeutic effect of ginseng are mainly consists in increasing the patency of coronary arteries and improving blood supply to the myocardium ( Yi2010tgi , Lim2013gai ) and anticoagulant effect (anti-blood clots). In addition, also apply general cytoprotective effect that protects cells in the affected areas before necrosis. The protective effect of ginseng and other adaptogens in cardiac and stroke I wrote a separate article, and here it is not discussed further.
Undocumented remain many other heart diseases, such as those caused by hypertension (cardiac hypertrophy, pulmonary heart etc.) Show the effect of ginseng against cardiac hypertrophy ( Karmazyn2011tpg , Moey2012gre and others), which from the individual panaxosidů assign a specific example of ginsenoside Rg1 ( Zhang2013grp ). The extract panaxosidů was also found to be effective against the right ventricular hypertrophy ( Jiang2007ieg and others). Ginseng can have a positive effect against heart failure ( You2005pgr , rat).
Ginseng relative notoginseng or not in cardiac patients not contraindicated . Sometimes mentioned interaction of ginseng with warfarin belongs according to the available experimental data ( Zhu1999pig , Vaes2000iww , Lee2010ibw ) into the realm of superstition . Warfarin is Paracelsian Farmakon : In very low doses it is an anticoagulant drug in doses higher then anticoagulant poison particularly suitable for rodent control, anžto is cumulative and has easy antidote (Vitamin K) in case of accidental poisoning. Ginseng is not Paracelsian Farmakon but adaptogen. Like warfarin has its own antiokoagulační effect ( Jin2007aaa , Yu2006aaa , Yun2001ekr ), but even in high doses does not become poison.
The effects of other adaptogens
- Ginseng notoginseng : Long-term low-dose Notoginseng were rats with high fat diet positive effect on blood cholesterol and LDL amount of fat particles in the blood ( Ji2007hem ). The specific effect against atherosclerosis Notoginseng has been found experimentally in rabbits ( Liu2010pns ) rats ( Joo2010isp ) and ApoE knockout mice with a genetic predisposition to atherosclerosis ( Liu2009tpn , Li2011gpc ).
- Rhodiola : positive results against diabetic atherosclerosis in rats. Rhodiola sacred (Rhodiola sacra) has a positive effect on the heart in hypertensive rats ( Yang2013ers ).
- It is possible that sedoulek Japanese , traditionally used in the treatment of heart diseases, also has activity against atherosclerosis ( Zhang2011mdi ).
- Scutellaria baicalensis and flavonoids (bajkalin, bajkalein, vogonin etc.) prevents heart failure ( Zhao2016ceb , Shen2014bpc ) and have a protective effect for heart attack ( Lai2016brl , Chen2014bac ). Flavonoid vogonin hoods counteract diabetic cardiac damage ( Khan2016wad ). Bajkalin and jasmine geniposid of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides), drug-treated with experimental atherosclerosis in vivo ( Liu2014oab ).