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Cultivation of medicinal mushrooms fruiting bodies on the natural substrate

Medicinal Mushrooms belong mostly to the scarce and slow growing species. Their growing on the natural substrate at us from having to obtain fruiting bodies of the fungus from nature. With appropriate care of substrate cleanliness, water quality and sown gene pool of medicinal mushrooms may be retrieved fruiting bodies natural equivalent.

Various methods and configurations growing mushrooms (Torus)

As substrate for decaying species of medicinal mushrooms are used either solid wood (logs), or blocks of sawdust, straw, or other comminuted organic material. Growing on polenách requires only minimal care and fungi has grown ornamentally, therefore this method is suitable for recreational growers:

Growing fruiting bodies on solid wood
Growing fruiting bodies on solid wood
Amateur cultivation of edible houževnatce (Lentinula edodes)
Amateur cultivation of edible houževnatce (Lentinula edodes)

The advantage of growing on logs from comminuted organic material is again faster penetration of mycelium and fruiting bodies formation. The disadvantage is more susceptible to contamination - logs is therefore packed into the bag. This method is used mainly professional grow room:

Fruiting bodies of oyster Máčkovo in a horizontal configuration
Fruiting bodies of oyster Máčkovo in a horizontal configuration
Growing fruiting bodies on logs in a vertical configuration
Growing fruiting bodies on logs in a vertical configuration
 
 

Question optimal conditions for growing mushrooms has no general answer. Different species of mushrooms require the growth of a variety of substrates (wood, straw, manure etc.). They are also parasitic fungi that grow only on certain organisms (eg. Cordyceps, Cordyceps spp.). Configuration requirements will also vary in different species:

Lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) on logs in a vertical configuration
E.g. Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum, reishi mushroom) grows well on logs in a vertical configuration ...
Mushrooms in a horizontal configuration - a dark, well-fertilized flower-beds
... While the mushrooms grow best in horizontal configuration - a dark, well-fertilized flower-beds

Production concentrate Torus

Basidiomes medicinal mushrooms falling under the category of adaptogens can be consumed directly. Species that are for their hard consistency inedible (which also applies to the most famous medicinal mushrooms - Reishi mushroom shiny) must before ingesting pulverized. The powder is used either in capsules, or in a natural state, mixed in a glass of warm water. Another option is to prepare extract ( "Tea") from melted or plátkovaných fruiting bodies.

From the fruiting bodies of medicinal mushrooms can also prepare concentrate. Unlike the technology of mycelium, wherein the concentration necessary step to remove excess solution and agar ballast is at Torus concentration optional, reviewing a process. The extraction solution from a number of fruiting bodies of a certain solvent (water, alcohol or other organic solvent) is concentrated by evaporation. Then may again converted into powder form, using appropriate pharmaceutical carriers again processed into capsules, tablets or other dosage forms.

Collecting dust výtrusného

Each mushroom growing produces a certain amount výtrusného dust. No wonder - it can say that the production and dissemination of spores is the main mission of the fruiting body. In the calm that reigns in plantations usually, the spore print gradually accumulate under hats:

(Brown spore print collecting in the grow room under the lingzhi mushroom fruiting bodies)

Reishi spores in dust collection - reishi mushrooms
Spores in dust collection Reishi (Ganoderma lucidum, reishi mushroom)
zoom - gathering dust spores Reishi - reishi mushrooms
Spores in dust collection
(approach)

The spore print can be collected. A certain small portion of this dust výtrusného manufacturers consume products from the mycelium and primordia to inoculate their culture vessels , but the most part there is an effort to find the excess spore print medical or cosmetic use as spore print also includes a number of secondary metabolites own medicinal fungi. For example, not only the fruiting body, but spore print lingzhi mushroom contains famous ganoderové acid, albeit in smaller quantities (citation).

| 9.7.2008