Reishi mushroom shiny occurs perhaps the entire northern hemisphere. Grow with us, but I never found it, even though I was on it once out of curiosity tried. (I did not even know that it is healing.) The commercial purposes Reishi mushroom is grown on billets and comes in various quality grades. As with all fungi, even Reishi is very important purity environment (fungi are bioakumulátorem heavy metals and other pollutants), as well as the gene pool of fungal cultures.
While medicinal plants is often collected at an industrial scale in nature, medicinal mushrooms for large fungal preparations are almost exclusively grown. Availability of fungi in nature is very volatile and unreliable. Cultivation of medicinal mushrooms may be the type of fungus very difficult matter. It must be the most mimic the natural conditions in which the fungus grows. Many medicinal mushrooms are also long-lived. For example, in lingzhi mushroom expire many years from the moment of impact spores until the affected tribe grow fruiting bodies. For Cordyceps sinensis (Cordyceps sinensis) is again necessary to first develop caterpillars that after being infected with spores of the parasitic fungus will die, and whose body after several months grow fruiting bodies of Cordyceps sinensis (hence the Chinese name of Cordyceps "Tong Cong SIA Cao", literally translated " winter worm, summer plant "). According to what extent it will be possible to observe the natural conditions and the natural gene pool of medicinal mushrooms, then runs the quality of material produced.
The long process of development of Torus with growers naturally try where possible to accelerate. Fungi were grown at the optimum temperature and humidity on wood or other material adapted for rapid growth of fruiting bodies. The methods are different for different fungi. For example, in Reishi can be molded using chips instead of a full block to facilitate ingrowth of mycelium and fruiting bodies get already 6 months after inoculation, instead of several years, as is the nature ...
... But even the hardest method on how to get a fungal biomass within literally a few days, the mycelia growing on agar in Petri dishes ...
Growing mycelium and primordia medicinal fungi on agar
The specialty of medicinal mushrooms cultivation of mycelium (mycelium) and primordia ( "young fruiting bodies") on enriched agar in vitro. It is a method used by large producers to further speed up and cheapen the production of biomass, medicinal mushrooms. This method is specific to medicinal mushrooms, and is used only for expensive and long-lived species of medicinal mushrooms, which allows biomass get the best rates. In plants and fungi with conventional cultivation in vitro is not used because it is generally cheaper plants dopěstovat agricultural manner. In vitro hydroponic forcing method was developed in Korea for ginseng, but because of the resistance of users to become popular.
Forcing the fungal biomass in vitro is carried out so that the enriched agar in a petri dish (culture vessels) inoculated with spores of the conventional medicinal mushrooms growing sites and incubated for several days. Vessels over several days cover fungal filaments (mycelium or mycelium) and on the surface will begin to create compact clusters of fungal biomass. You would eventually evolved into a miniature fruiting species of medicinal mushrooms and why they are called primordium, the seeds of fruiting bodies.
At this time the mycelium and primordium agar is scraped from culture flasks for processing. Of course such biomass is only suitable for the manufacture of capsules and tablets, and it is necessary to concentrate much, because most of its volume consists of just exhausted agar. For this purpose, the biomass is extracted with a suitable solvent, concentrated and processed into capsules or tablets marked as mycelium and primordium, efuemisticky also "young fruiting bodies". Most preparations of medicinal mushrooms in our market was made this way.