Reishi as a cultural symbol
Reishi is recognized as a medicinal mushroom for more than 2,000 years old and already ancient texts attribute to her extraordinary effects. The arts and cultural figures with Reishi begun to spread from the early 15th century, mostly in connection with Taoism. From the religious realm representation of G. lucidum penetrated the current proportional - paintings, woodcarvings, furniture and even jewelry. In honor of Reishi in ancient China, composed hymns and proclaimed amnesty. Importance of Reishi in Chinese culture is evident even at the famous skyscraper TAPE 101, whose only decorations are just stylized symbols lingči - the lingzhi mushroom:
Lingzhi mushroom in the literature TCM
The first book TCM wholly devoted to the description of natural medicines as their effects was divine Canon farmers, Shen-nong pen cao jing, drawn around the year 200 AD and gradually expanded. Canon divine farmer recognizes several species of Reishi, which ranks among the drugs to a leading position. In the "Supplement's Classic of Materia Medica" (502-536 AD) and in "Ben Cao Gang Mu", which is considered the first Chinese pharmacopoeia, the fungus is credited reinforcing effects, increasing vital energy, strengthen heart function, improve memory and effect against aging. Under the current "State Pharmacopoeia PRC" (d. 2000), G. lucidum strengthens qi ( "life energy") relaxes the mind , helps cough and asthma and is recommended for insomnia , cardiac arrhythmia , disorders associated with vestibular apparatus, and dyspnea ( Ed .: arrhythmias, vestibular disorders, shortness of breath, etc. are diagnostic category of TCM to TCM in its definition not completely identical with our common understanding of these words).
Lingzhi mushroom is playing the role of traditional Chinese medicine, which is somewhat analogous to ginseng . Like ginseng, and Reishi mushroom is highly valued. Like Ginseng, Reishi and is completely harmless. Like Ginseng, Reishi also suffers from an intricate taxonomy and nomenclature problems. Already Shaanxi nongova book of herbs (about 100 BC) recognizes six types of "Ling-chi" by color and rank it in the top category of drugs, meet today adaptogenům. As with ginseng, active ingredients Reishi are triterpenoids (ganoderové acids and the like.) And proteoglycans (often called "polysaccharides"). Unlike ginseng Reishi but has no effect, which would be temporarily subjectively observable.