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Taxonomy and species designation lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum agg.)

Unlike ginseng , with Reishi mushroom shiny fortunately does not happen that someone deliberately confuse with other species of fungi. When someone reads "Reishi" So we can be sure thank God that we are moving within the genus Ganoderma. But further problems occur. Fungal species lingzhi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum agg.) Is not in the genus Ganoderma precisely circumscribed. This has an impact on the healing effects - just not as Reishi mushroom Reishi mushroom. (If you are interested in healing effects of Reishi, it is perhaps more informative to place taxonomy first read what is known as Reishi commercially .)

Ganoderma lucidum agg. a fungal taxon

Ganoderma lucidum agg. is a species that occurs in the northern hemisphere. At the hub it is indeed common that geographical distance meant nothing to them. Spores easy to fly thousands of kilometers so it is not surprising that the same fungus found in Europe, Asia and North America.

Ganoderma lucidum was originally described in Great Britain in the late 18th century. Gradually realized that mushrooms that look as Ganoderma lucidum occurring rare, but in a huge campus but across the world. In this way, it was kind of Ganoderma lucidum in situated many different subspecies, including the Chinese "mushroom Immortals" - Ling-chi.

Currently mushroom Ganoderma lucidum taxon appears to be a complex of around 10 almost indistinguishable species. Among these species there is actually no limit to smoothly transform one into the other. Therefore, it is the Latin name for the Reishi mushroom shiny to write short agg. - unit: Ganoderma lucidum agg. Awareness of the difficult taxonomy Reishi lack not only most growers, but also poses a problem for research on its effects. Therefore important projects determine the genetic sequence and genome annotation Reishi mushroom, which is currently underway in Taiwan and China.

Reading the DNA question generic classification or segmentation lingzhi mushroom might eventually be solved. But it is not as easy as acknowledgment of paternity: the words of publication hseu1996dgi , "determining the types of random sequencing of DNA regions is unreliable because it is too sensitive to different methods of statistical processing." Improper told Ganoderma lucidum agg. genetics has in such a mess that those species can specify how you want.

Mushrooms in nature constitute an element connection. Like mushrooms interconnect trees in forest ecosystems and continents, as well as fungal cells merge into hyphae and fungal species indistinguishable units . While human cells all have the same DNA in the fungal hyfě can coexist cores with different genomes. While two people have sex, the archetypal male and female, fungus Ganoderma lucidum as agg. they tend to have four or eight. And when the various cores and sex in those hyphae begin to mate with each other, so that's when there is the right genetic mushroom broth ...

Cleaning this mess is not easy. From the theoretical point of doing it taxonomists, for example, a combination of ribosomal sequences with information on the geographical origin ( hong2004pag ). In practical cultivation of Reishi mushroom shiny solves this problem by selecting fungal strains proven properties - so that regardless of the taxonomy of the resulting material had the desired medicinal properties.

The traditional classification lingzhi mushroom

The existence of several different types of Reishi various properties of TCM was known for ages. One problem is that the Chinese name of Reishi mushroom shiny "ling chi" can indicate in old books and other fungi, for example. Ganoderma sinense, Ganoderma carnosum etc. Not every kind of Reishi mushroom has the same composition - for example, G. sinense hardly contains acid ganoderové and triterpenes typical G. lucidum (22,226,558).

According to TCM distinguishes color-ling and red, black, white, yellow, magenta, and I do not know what yet. According to the shape may be a classic-ling or friction with a hat, or fruiting bodies can be rather sessile or have parůžkovitý shape. Orientation by shapes and colors does not mean that the TCM is backward: It turns out, for example, that parůžkovité fruiting bodies represent another, more southern subspecies Reishi with other content tritetpenoidů.

Reishi which is the "right"?

If you've read this far, then you understand why this question is hard to answer. Reishi mushroom is a fungus that appeared in his typical Asian TCM approach based on experience and the transfer of unchanging tradition. Without awe that Reishi in Chinese culture pleased , by this fungus as medicine definitely missed our science.

When choosing Reishi same rule as for other TCM mushrooms and indeed anything else: Think. Decaying fungi can grow free , vulgar words, in each shed. It would, moreover, suggest - in a society that is against an individual more and more hostile, it is our hope and source of healing and other forces of nature. A adaptogens, which we pick ourselves or cultivate a, help twice - be it blueberries or Reishi. On the other hand, if we intend to fungal material used to treat a serious disease, it is necessary to use the traditional product suppliers - to ensure the effectiveness of the resulting material is not easy ...

| 1.9.2012