It damaranový, protopanaxatriolový panaxosid:
R 1 = H
R2 = Glc 2-1 Rha
R 3 = H
R 4 = Glc
- Causes endothelium-dependent relaxation in vitro aortic ring preparation in rats ( kang1995gpg ).
- Adjusts scopolamine impaired learning in rats ( Yamaguchi1996egi ).
- Re and Rg 1 strongly inhibit production of TNF-α and NO activated microglia lipopolysaccharides ( Wu2007deg ).
- According Zhang2006gif , Re improving in vitro motility of normal human sperm and sperm with reduced motility, presumably by activating unspecified endogenous NO synthase.
- According Zhang2007grp , Re facilitate in vitro human sperm capacitation activation unresolved endogenous NO synthase.
- Protect myocardial cells against oxidative damage ( Xie2006aeg ).
- At a concentration of about 100 mA significantly increased the proliferation of mitogen-stimulated T H (CD4 +) and B lymphocytes, but limiting proliferation of IL-2 stimulated T C (CD8 +) lymphocytes with an IC50 of 57.5μM ( Cho2002gfp ).
- Most of all panaxosidů improved regeneration of immune cells , also had a high ability to protect them from apoptosis due to radiation ( Lee2006ivr ).
- It acts on the androgen receptor, estrogen receptor α and progesterone receptor and, after nongenetic path activates eNOS infarction ( Furukawa2006grm ).
- Its cardiovascular effects is devoted to an overview Peng2012grp , which also provides a positive effect on angiogenesis.