Děhel Chinese, or Chinese angelica (Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels), Chinese當前(dan Guizhou, Pinyin dong quai) belongs to the family miříkovitých and is one of the basic TCM plants. Root has a very peculiar smell the rich ligustilidu. TCM unscientific several millennia recognizes děhel as a remedy for anemia, bleeding and painful menstruation, menstrual cramps and other diseases. Andelic Chinese in TCM called "female ginseng" Dr. Duke and even spread rumors that helps against frigidity . According to the WHO and the EU, which it controls, on the contrary, angelica clinically useless.
Rod děhel (Angelica) has several dozen species. These include our Wild Angelica (Angelica = forest, Angelica sylvestris L.) and medical děhel (= angelica Angelica archangelica L.). Chinese angelica excels over other related species rich main active ingredients: ligustilidu and ferulic acid. It has them up to 10 times more than other species of angelica, for example. A. acutiloba Japanese and Korean A. gigas ( Zhao2003mgc ).
At the root of the angelica we do not have a sniff. Just when we put it on the kitchen table, and soon the whole room smell like a phytochemical laboratory. The main carrier of the scent is ligustilid angelica - root it contains up to 5%. Ligustilid is volatile, aromatic derivative of phthalic acid (Figure!). It occurs also in other plants (the name is derived from lovage, Ligusticum), but it has a particularly angelica much. Further characteristic angelica phthalides are (Z) -6,7-epoxyligustilid, butylftalid, angelicid and (Z) -butylidenftalid. From terpenoids angelica contains β-cadinene, carvacrol and cis-β-ocimene. Another important content substances are ferulic acid, vanillic acid and coumarins - angelol G angelikon and umbelliferone. Concern, and proteoglycan angelica polysaccharides, which showed a protective effect on neurons ( Lei2014pfa ) and immunity ( Zhao2012scr ).
The Chinese Andelic there are several hundred scientific publications. The existing animal and clinical studies with Chinese angelica root used to treat gynecological, cardiovascular problems, nerve problems, including cerebral ischemia and nephrotic syndrome ( Chen2013pps ). Notable is the use of angelica in osteoarthritis and joint pain associated with it, which summarizes survey Magdalou2015aso .
In vivo studies
Clinical studies Xu2000ose 60 patients found about 20% reduction of pulmonary hypertension and the corresponding reduction of hormonal correlates hypertension (angiotensin II, endothelin-1 etc.). Clinical studies Kupfersztain2003ien (55 women in menopause) determine the effectiveness of a mixture of angelica and chamomile against hot flashes during menopause. Effect of angelica root against anemia (anemia) was demonstrated in rats ( Liu2012pif ).
Main components angelica are antioxidants and have protective effects on cells. The protective effects of angelica main components - ligustilidu - during cerebral ischemia study found Feng2012lab a clinical study of 70 patients Zhao1994cee . Protective effects on the nervous ( Lei2014pfa ) and immune ( Zhao2012scr ) system are polysaccharides and angelica. Immunomodulatory effects of angelica showing other clinical studies, for example. Dong2004afp .
Effects of Cancer
Let's start denouement: Scientific evidence of effectiveness děhele cancer are extensive, but still not enough bulletproof. However, the practical experience of TCM in this way the table can not be swept away.
According Lai2012ppc is a common component of Chinese děhel 10 popular standard herbal mixtures prescribed in breast cancer in TCM clinics in Taiwan. I mean TCM your opinion angelica breast cancer expresses quite well. (Most common single herb when this cancer is oldenlandie roztažitá , the deeper interest see the article on breast cancer .) Western medicine, TCM believe not, and she will take some time before a Andelic Chinese answer their own set of questions (see eg. Lau2005udq ). Anticancer effects were angelica detected in brain ( Cheng2004aea , Tsai2006ncn ) and other ( Kan2008sae ) tumors, the phthalides and coumarins danced against cancer of the colon and rectum ( Kan2008sae , Zheng2016iea ) the polysaccharides danced in vivo against three different types of cancer ( Shang2003esa ) in mice. Similar studies, there are several hundred.
Děhel contains no special chemical that would not occur in the other common herbs. The main substances contained angelica occur also in other species Apiaceae vegetables and their negative effects do not have to worry about. If we take angelica doctor's recommendation, sticking to the dosing instructions.