(lat. Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino)
Jiaogulan (incorrectly: Southern ginseng, ginseng five-bladed, etc. ) Belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae and became known as the first plant outside the family aralkovitých, which were found in ginseng saponins ( christensen2009gcb ). This in itself is interesting, because in the family are aralkovitých panaxosidy outside the genus Panax rare.
Gynostema belongs to those less probádaným adaptogenům
Database Medline registers more than 200 publications on gynostemě. Comprehensively studied this plant Valentina Razmovská-Naumovski, under the leadership of Professor Roufogalise from Sydney University in 2005 published an overview ( Razmovskinaumovski2005cpg ) knowledge about the history, culture, content and effects of substances gynostemy five-petalled. From there, they come here presented information.
Phytochemistry gynostemy five-petalled
Gynostemma pentaphyllum contains over 90 different species damaranových saponins are phytochemistry known under the working title gypenosidy. It turned out that about ten of them identical with gypenosidů ženšenovými panaxosidy. Specifically, gynostema contains ginsenoside Rb 1 (= gypenosid III), ginsenoside Rc , ginsenoside Rb 3 (= gypenosid IV), ginsenoside Rd (gypenosid VIII) ginsenoside F2 , ginsenoside Rg 3 , ginsenoside malonyl-Rb 1 and ginsenoside malonyl-Rd . Furthermore gypenosidy XVII, IX and XV are identical saponins of Panax Notoginseng and gypenosidy XVII and IX are identical saponins of Panax quinquefolius .
Note the quantitative comparison gynostemy and ginseng
Saponins account for about 2.4% weight of dried gynostemy ( Zhang1993amn ). This ginseng saponins account for about a quarter. It is not true, as they say should be here or there , that would gynostema contained "more saponins than ginseng". Good red ginseng contains up to 20-24% panaxosidů ( Kim2007sqg ). If we take into account only saponins could fit gynostema young ginseng, in which they can panaxosidy in strong shading drop below 2%. But such a comparison is absolutely no sense. As I have said elsewhere , marking the various adaptogens word "ginseng" is incorrect. Gynostema has significance to us as an unexpected source panaxosidů against ginseng and has the advantage of faster return on their cultivation. Ginseng gynostema not interchangeable. It is not a "weaker ginseng", but a unique adaptogen with their own use.