One of the things that I'm here in Taiwan is interested tchajvanský approach to traditional Chinese medicine and natural medicines at all.
Quite objectively, Taiwan is currently the only čínštější than China, but its inhabitants are much more polite and less corrupt than those in (urban) China. It is also cleaner than China in terms of the environment and has an ideal climate for the growth of vegetables and mushrooms. The quality of TCM herbs imported from China poses to tchajvanskou government matter of national importance and is dealt a set of measures for imports supervision directly with foreign growers of these herbs.
The uniqueness of Taiwan in terms of herbal medicines and Chinese medicine in general is determined by three factors:
- Taiwan is the only country in the world with an uninterrupted tradition of Chinese medicine.
- Unlike many neighboring countries are Tchajvanci honest (like Japanese).
- Taiwan is one of the developed countries with high-quality health care.
The reasons for these givens lie in the historical development of Taiwan, whose explanation you on this page do not bother. If you but still you would like to read a little bit longer talking about things that are of Taiwan will not learn on Wikipedia, Come in:
Taiwan connectedness with the tradition of TCM
If we want to understand why Taiwan in terms of Chinese herbs in a unique position, we must realize that (a) traditional Chinese medicine is deeply tied to the very definition čínskosti and (b) Taiwan is the only country in which the Chinese mystical tradition maintained without interruption.
For the Chinese, is characterized by reverence for ancestors and tradition
Chinese culture excels in its reverence for tradition, meaning thoughtless acceptance of wisdom (and stupidity) of ancestors and respect for ancestors in the ancient form in which it practiced perhaps even early man. Rather than a religious trance Chinese lead the sort of reasons that force us to do, to walk to the cemetery, whatever our religion any. The difference is that (traditional), Chinese cemeteries and normally avoid going there just for Chinese All Souls Day (Ching-ming, early April) to clean up. Instead, they have statues of their ancestors at home, where they can give daily accounts without leaving the slippers. Figurines standing on the domestic altar, the dominant piece of furniture in a prominent position lobby. Boundary between the ancestors, gods and idols is unclear. Chinese skies most of all reminds bureaucratic organization, most victims for the gods are special sacrificial bills.
The teachings of Confucius on obedience to elders and superiors, which is sometimes given as a revolution is actually the most boring summarization unbridled respect for ancestors dwelling in the Chinese soul. Even a quick look at us remember that Chinese civilization was agricultural civilization and then you can go to the first Chinese ancestral site - the Yellow Emperor - and with it also the traditional Chinese medicine.
The invention of Chinese medicine are attributed to those from the most senior Chinese ancestors.
In Chinese mythology, he is the inventor of the principles of Chinese medicine Yellow Emperor himself, who is considered the ancestor of the entire Chinese nation and is one of the legendary three sovereigns and five emperors. This is in Chinese for TCM permanently guaranteed a leading place among the human arts. But that was not enough, the three kings is still Shen-Nong, a divine peasant and called. Sovereign people. Shen-nong, according to legend invented the plow and was well-known fact that as JIří Lard of Charles University, tasting all the plants he found. He said transparent body through which immediately saw the effects eaten plants, which allegedly created the TCM herbal knowledge. Therefore, the Chinese TCM attach the greatest importance to the level of agriculture.
By controlling the fate of Taiwan became the main bearer of tradition and thus čínskosti TCM
After the onset of the Chinese Communist Party to power in mainland China to Taiwan Chiang Kai-shek retreated, its adherents (the Kuomintang party) and also a lot of people at the core of Chinese culture. Taiwan and ended the entire Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica) and about half of existing Chinese cultural artifacts (ie huge amount), which are still preserved in the National Palace Museum in Taipei. In addition to Taiwan fled priests and monks of various religious orders, as well as all the others who had reason to fear the Communists (like capitalists).
The history of rivalry and the Communist Party and the Kuomintang would again give a long talk, but the essential result is: Communist "cultural revolution" in mainland China, partly destroyed, partly for long suppressed traditional culture. Taiwan has become a 50-year sole bearer quintessence čínskosti. Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist temples in Taiwan flourish and contribute to maintaining Chinese tradition associated with TCM. The Exile monks also converge with the capitalists, so now here we can admire the modern monastic megakomplexy like Taipei Mountain dharmového drum , which in the era of skyscrapers and giant mall does not have to be ashamed.
Chinese medicine also experienced a very flourishing. Taiwan coexist surgery "Western medicine" with the surgeries, "Chinese medicine" and well tolerated together. Patients are visited by about the same rate and Chinese herbalism is here taken as seriously as our medical degree - herbs can recommend only those who passed through the age-old study of TCM. The most sought are those doctors who have a double diploma from the Chinese and "Western" medicine. In the third millennium there is considerable effort to mainland China to return to lost roots, and Taiwan is a kind of reserve, where you can Chinese spirituality, culture and art found in the TCM original, unaltered state.
Modern research on traditional medicines in Taiwan
Currently tchajvanští scientists trying to connect the study of Chinese herbs with molecular biology methods. Chinese medicine faculty specialize in reputable universities and specialized research institutes.
Research Reishi mushroom and other traditional medicines
Taiwan is the leading country in research Reishi mushroom, whose genome was deciphered by a team of Yang-Ming University, Taipei (research project still running). It is grown here and Cordyceps (laboratory, the wild are imported from Tibet) and high-quality strains of other fungi, Monascus purpureus need. Only after long study of compounds and chemical-fungal taxonomic problems and herbal medicines we realize why their cultivation in guaranteed quality (unlike the production of aspirin ) requires instrumentation equipment and knowledge at a global level.
Tchajvanský project analyzing the genome Reishi
Herbs from China are cheap, but suffers from many problems
The vast majority of herbal material for traditional Chinese medicine is grown in mainland China. But it is not as obvious as it might seem. The tradition of Chinese medicine had been almost eradicated in China during the "cultural revolution" in the '50s. I do not want to go into history, which is moreover not know. The truth is that traditional Chinese medicine in socialist China after decades considered a feudal relic.
Up in the 80s he had the Chinese government regarding TCM outside their specialty slate Jian Xue-sen (Chinese Tsiolkovsky). Since the 90s, gradually stopped official condemnations of TCM and in the new millennium is already TCM in the PRC enjoys full government support. However, as always, when you cut down old growth, and in its place usually do not grow the same plants, but ruderal r-strategists, or weeds.
China in the 90s plunged into a phase of unbridled capitalism. Traditional herbs started to grow large, but not out of respect for tradition, but in the pursuit of wealth. Maximizing profits and competitiveness to sacrifice everything. I'm a big fan of Chinese differently, but it can not be lit, herbs exported from the PRC are indeed often place full of active ingredients of poisons. The Chinese Communists are the profiteers desperate execute both on the treadmill ( see , see , see , see ), recently banned 400 companies to work an exporting low-quality Chinese herbs ( see ), does not help anything.
Tchajvanské Ministry of Health in recent years in herbs grown in China have repeatedly found unacceptable levels of various pollutants: pesticides, preservatives, veterinary medicines, bleaching additives, artificial sweeteners and jánevímčeho still ( see ).
Taiwan from China imports only high quality TCM products
High of development of traditional Chinese medicine in Taiwan is associated with very high demands on quality herbs, most of which Taiwan is imported from mainland China and other countries. Healers and dealers require high quality, because it is the local customers can appreciate. Taiwan becomes a filter through which the material fails the poor.
The issue of quality of imported Chinese herbs are also actively engaged in Taiwanese legislators. There is already a system of import licenses for companies importing Chinese herbs. This system intends to tighten tchajvanská government still ( see ). We can say that tchajvanští Chinese people know best how to outwit the tricks of their dishonest countrymen. For example, for ginseng, which Taiwan can not grow, there is a consensus that to guarantee its quality and purity is required direct supervision of the entire process of its cultivation and processing.
In addition to respect for the Chinese medical tradition and control the gene pool of cultivated mushrooms Reishi mushroom has a particularly Taiwan for growing mushrooms have one big advantage - its climate and geographical conditions.
Mushrooms require a particularly clean environment
Mushrooms are a natural bioakumulátorem heavy metals. Even in a clean environment, they can accumulate a lot. Heavy metals are particularly tricky, because even small concentrations tend to destroy especially the nervous system and brain cells. Anyone who buys or collects mushrooms should be concerned about it, the environment in which the mushrooms grow. According to Prof. Vanya is necessary to collect mushrooms to eat from polluted areas (Ostrava, North Bohemia ...) do not pay.
Taiwan fungi guarantees purity and optimum climate
Geographically, Taiwan is a cross over the Tropic of Cancer and has an area roughly the same as Slovakia. It has a typical island climate - a constant temperature (30 ° C in summer and 15 ° C in winter) with no difference between day and night and almost 100% humidity. Mushrooms in Taiwan will grow in places where you do not want (like shoes, belt, leather pouches, sheets, wooden furniture, not to mention a leg).
Most of the industry and the population is concentrated in the western lowland area. The eastern zone of mountains (more than 200 peaks over 3,000 meters) constantly arises podsouváním oceanic plate and consists mainly of steep peaks separated by vertical canyons. The highest peak is almost čtyřtisícová Jade Mountain. If there are more paths in the mountains, they can not go over the surface - must be built by tunnel-bridge manner.
Perhaps the most important factor contributing to the purity of Taiwan is its rainfall regime. In mountainous areas, even several times a day, drizzling warm rain that constantly scrubbed air pollutants. There are times when drizzling for weeks. It is caused by compression of ocean winds hitting on tchajvanské mountains. When a gust will blow cool air, Taiwan is not cool, but the rains. Despite the modern way of life is because the air in Taiwan constantly clean.