Epidermis and other species of kernel are used in the role of hormonal modulator in sexual dysfunction (as aphrodisiac), senile osteoporosis, depression, atherosclerosis and overall body strengthening ( Ma2011gee ). The main content of the skins are flavonoid glycosides (prenylflavonoids) icarin, epimedine A, B and C, icaritin and quercetin. These have an experimentally confirmed effect on the estrogenic pathway ( Kang2012eae ).
The beetles belong to the family Berberidaceae ( Berberidaceae ) and, like the stem, have leaves with fine spines on the edge. The herb epimedia is herbal . Another recent review of Chen2015ccq's medicinal properties is the review of Indran2016psc , which focuses on its use in senile osteoporosis due to estrogen deficiency.
Therefore, the arrowroot is an estrogen modulator and phytoestrogen with aphrodisiac effects, especially in women whose normal hormonal status is disturbed. In addition to these properties, it is harmless to consider adding it to adaptive sensu lato .