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Japanese Sedge ( Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.)

(More men tone)

Japanese Sedge is a highly valued medicinal plant in Asia, which is probably the most famous for its use in cardiovascular diseases. A recent overview of its traditional use and pharmacological properties is Chen2016ojp . Tufted tuber , ophiopogonis japonici tuber , is used in TČM to "relieve mucus, relieve cough, latent heat in the chest and cleanse the mind" ( Chen2016ojp ). The saddle is, together with the ginseng and schizandra, part of the three-part TÜM combination 生脈散 ( shēn-māi-sung , literally "to bring the pulse"), which is mainly used for cardiovascular problems, including post-stroke conditions. For cardiac and cerebral stroke, this mixture is even injected ( Li2011sic ) in the purified form. A two-component combination of ginseng saddle is also used.

Scientific medicine in the 20th century essentially ignored this plant. The exception was Japan, where the pioneer studies of sedentary originate ( Kato1968sco , Arisawa1969sur , Kaneda1983sco , Ishikura1984acb ). The broader scientific community became interested in this plant in the first half of the 20th century - most of the 20 scientific studies published in the 20th century date back to the 1990s. In the 21st century, the situation is quite different - just for The first decade was scientific publications about the Japanese sedge almost 100!

Research into the pharmacological properties of the sedative focuses on its traditional indications - heart disease . Seducek also has effects against diabetes . Symbiotic mushrooms in the roots of the saddle also give it mild antimicrobial properties ( Liang2012aae ).

Seduction in our medicine

Today, Sedgelek is known only as an aquarium plant in the Central European public (including doctors). But it has not always been the case - since the Czech Herbarium from 1899 ( online ) mentions it: "The Ophiopogon, which is horrible, grows on Japan, roots in sugar and then used as a ham. Against dysentery, against breast disorders, digestive diseases, etc. " However, the Czech herbarium does not explain that " heart disease " also means heart disease and angina pectoris .

The medicine that ignored the 20th Century sedentary today is of course going to say that any research to date does not prove the clinical need for a sedative and some of its effects (eg the antioxidant effect of ophiopogonin) can easily be replaced with other substances. And I, as scientists, have no choice but to agree. So if you decide to use a sedge, do not do it for scientific reasons, but for some other reasons: for example, respect for the magic of TČM, or just irrational affection for nature and exoticism.

Content substances

Ofiopogonin, ruskogenin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and other specific triterpenoids and proteoglycans.

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