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Japanese Sedge ( Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.)

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Japanese Sedge (Ophiopogon japonicus)
Japanese Sedge ( Ophiopogon japonicus ) wiki

The Japanese Sedge is a highly valued medicinal plant in Asia, which is probably the most famous for its use in cardiovascular diseases. A recent overview of its traditional use and pharmacological properties is Chen2016ojp . Tufted tuber , ophiopogonis japonici tuber , is used in TČM for "mucus release, relief from cough, latent hotness in the chest and cleansing of mind" ( Chen2016ojp ). The saddle is, together with the ginseng and schizandra, part of the three-component TUM combination 生脈散 ( shēn-māi-sung , literally "to induce the pulse"), which is mainly used in cardiovascular disorders, including post-stroke conditions. For cardiac and cerebral strokes, this mixture is even injected ( Li2011sic ) in the purified form. A two-component combination of ginseng saddle is also used.

Scientific medicine in the 20th century essentially ignored this plant. The exception was Japan, where the pioneer studies of sedentary originate ( Kato1968sco , Arisawa1969sur , Kaneda1983sco , Ishikura1984acb ). The broader scientific community became interested in this plant in fact only in the 1990s - most of the 20 scientific studies published in the 20th century date back to the period after 1990. In the 21st century the situation is quite different - just for the first decade was the scientific publication of the sedan of Japanese almost 100!

Research into the pharmacological properties of the sedative focuses on its traditional indications - heart disease . Seducek also has effects against diabetes . Symbiotic fungi in the saddle roots give it a mild antimicrobial properties ( Liang2012aae ).

Seduction in our medicine

Today Sedulek is known (as of 2013) for Central European public (including doctors) only as an aquarium plant. But this was not always the case - since the Czech Herbarium from the year 1899 ( online ) states: "The Ophiopogon, which is terrible, grows on Japan, roots in sugar, then it is used as a ham. against dysentery, against breast disorders, against digestive diseases, etc. " However, the Czech herbarium does not explain that " heart disease " also means heart disease and angina pectoris .

The medicine that ignored the saddle of the 20th century, of course, goes on to say that any research to date does not prove the clinical need of a sedative and some of its effects (eg the antioxidant effect of ophiopogonin) can easily be replaced with other substances. And I, as scientists, have nothing but to agree. So if you decide to use a sedge, do not do it for scientific reasons, but for some other reasons: for example, respect for the magic of TČM, or just irrational affection for nature and exoticism.

Content substances

Ofiopogonin, ruskogenin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol and other specific triterpenoids and proteoglycans.

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