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Diabetes (Diabetes)

Practical Summary: Diabetes is a royal disease. That is why I do not like the well-fed Archduke, as it is rather the complexity of diabetes, which puts even greater demands on the herbivore. First of all, you can find out briefly and simply what is diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Then you will find more than 200 effective natural antidiabetics , a summary of current scientific knowledge in this field. The inspirational approach to combining them is offered by the TCM. Here you will also find information on diabetic diet and diet dia . The text is also intended for chefs, folk healers and diabetic nurses.

Diabetes mellitus (Diabetes) is a common name for a group of chronic diseases whose common symptom is the inability to regulate blood sugar levels. It occurs with an uncontrolled increase in post-meal glucose (hyperglycaemia) and a possible decrease to unconsciousness (hypoglycaemia) when injected with insulin. There are two basic types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is the autoimmune - white blood cell of the patient destroying Langerhans' pancreatic β-cells, which are responsible for insulin production.

Type 2 diabetes is caused by the pancreas producing insulin, but the tissue does not respond to it (they react poorly).

Blood sugar regulation

Insulin is the main regulator of blood sugar. The signal for its release is the increasing level of glucose after meals. Insulin is a signal for peripheral (muscle, hepatic, and mainly fat cells) to remove excess glucose from the bloodstream and change it to storage glycogen or more often fat. Insulin is also a hormone of saturation - its growth after eating affects the feeling of saturation. The missing diabetes insulin therefore leads to overeating, which further overloads the remaining β-cells. Obesity, and mainly intra-abdominal fat, increases inflammation, and the vicious circle crowns the usual fat metabolism disorder - excess of fatty lipids in the blood that serve LDL and, together with inflammation, promote atherosclerosis. Therefore, this condition is also called metabolic syndrome. Fluctuating insulin levels and overeating have implications for other hormones: glucagon, adiponectin, leptin, cortisol ... They all can participate and often participate in diabetes. Excess blood glucose leads to glycation (binding of glucose to proteins) and to acceleration of oxidative damage. The result is not only atherosclerosis, but also peripheral ischemia, non-healing ulcers, neuropathy, retinopathy, kidney disease. Overall, diabetes (together with cancer) is one of the most important civilization diseases . There are at least 150 million diabetics in the world and at least twice as many as 2025.

Diabetes is a life-long disease. A disease that - once we get it - has only worsened over time and can not be reversed by today's means. But it can affect whether it will be fast or very slow. Causal treatment (for example, pancreatic stem cells) is only at the research stage ( Bhartiya2016scr ) and can not yet be counted. The treatment of diabetes is therefore still based primarily on maintaining a stable glucose level. The main drug for type 1 diabetes is still insulin. For Type 2 diabetes, when insulin peripheral cells respond poorly, antidiabetics such as metformin, glibenclamide and PPAR agonists are used in addition to insulin. Large anti-diabetic plants can be underestimated here.

Phytotherapy of diabetes

Ethnobotanic research has identified over 200 plants traditionally prescribed in different parts of the world for diabetes. Diabetes (though much more abruptly) existed in antiquity, and the physicians at that time knew it reliably. Please do not make the mistake of thinking that ancient people were stupid than today. Since diabetes, unlike in the developing world, is not developing, today's cases of diabetes are as well or, due to their general lack in the diet, even better than in the past. Overview Elabhar2014pdr (fulltext you have three clicks) mentions several tens of the most important antidiabetic herbs and according to the mechanism of action divides their effects as follows:

  1. substances that increase the level or effectiveness of insulin
  2. absorption-inhibiting substances from the intestine
  3. glucose uptake agents in adipose tissue and muscle
  4. glucose uptake agents in the liver
  5. PPAR receptor activators
  6. substances increasing the level and efficacy of adiponectin
  7. Drugs acting through other pathways (incretin, endogenous opioids ...)

PPAR are three nuclear receptors (α, β, γ) controlling glucose and fat metabolism. Selsky said, PPAR-γ changes blood sugar in fat, PPAR-α and β turn fat fat. PPARs are a frequent target of anti-diabetes drugs.

This list of types of effects looks very neat, but in fact Elabhar2014pdr does not provide a complete exegetion of natural anti-diabetics. And there are no more ethno- botanical reviews: AndradeCetto2001hec , Barkaoui2017esm , Lans2006eut , Mata2013mah , Medagama2014uca , Ocvirk2013tmp , Rahmatullah2012mpu , SwanstonFlatt1990ttd , Tahraoui2007esp , Yaniv1987put... If you think these reviews make up for the confusion that today's science has in antidiabetic herbs, you are wrong. That is why I want to remind you of the possibility of giving up the study of antidiabetic herbs. It is not easy to be an expert in this field. You are only in the first tenth of the article, you still have the opportunity to retreat without honor. Stop reading and think for a moment if you need this information to carry out your activity. And for those who stay, nice to attention, heel to each other. I will name and describe the herbs incompletely, and you will do the rest: you will learn them deeply, you will practically test them and you will be responsible for the treatment failures. I'll start with my favorites: ginseng, cacti, whey vitamin and fungal antidiabetics.

Ginseng adjusts glucose and cholesterol

Ginseng ( Chung2001cbw , Yoon2003ppr ), which belongs to the major antidiabetics TČM ( Lim2009egv ), can be considered a typical representative of adaptogens acting on PPAR receptors . The effects of ginseng on diabetes fall into two categories:

Ginseng is relatively safe in diabetes , but does not reduce appetite and prevents diabetic fat loss. It also applies to its effects, others with diabetes are not directly related - for example, improving blood circulation and healing effect ( Chen2008cpe ). Effective is American ginseng , notoginseng and other ginseng ( Panax ) .

Kaciba - a miracle plant for type 2 diabetes

Kaciba Algerian is a traditional North African drug for diabetes ( Tahraoui2007esp ), diarrhea and hypertension ( Mnafgui2016eza ). Kaciba is one of the most desirable herbs that are effective in type 2 diabetes. Jaouhari1999hrz has a single oral dose of 40ml (440mg / kg) extract of cacti leaves in diabetic patients with a hypoglycaemic effect (measured 6h after administration). According to the same study, administration of the same dose twice daily for 2 weeks was sufficient to maintain glycemia in normal without side effects (ie without fat). A little less cacao works on Diabetes 1, as suggested by Jaouhari2000haz and Skim1999pst. The plant would deserve a wider test of the effect on the feeling of saturation. A similar potential as Caucasus Algerian has a kaciba white ( Mnafgui2016eza ), a cacophony and a catharica cathar . Kaciba is not poisonous, but I do not ruminate for her as a ginseng . According to Alhaddad2015ea, the extract of cacti at a high dose of 2g / kg and 5g / kg in mice showed no acute toxicity and did not damage the liver or kidneys . In contrast, the Moustafa2007pts study found that the alcoholic extract of white cacao has an LD 50 5.59-6.23g / kg per os, and 2.44-2.77g / kg intraperitoneally in the rat, which exacerbates the need for caution when administering cacti in humans.

Vitamin Sulfur - Traditional Indian Antidiabetic

Vitamin Sardine is the famous antidiabetic agent of North India ( Jaiswal2009aew ). Used plant parts are fruits that a diabetic person should consume at least 20g a day in two daily doses ( Upadhyay2011cse ), preferably even more. It is not a miracle, however, there is a consistent reduction in blood glucose ( Hemalatha2004haw , Bharti2015vsi , Ojha2014wcf , Shukla2014haa , Datta2013aaa ), improvement in liver and lipid profile ( Shukla2012aew , Saxena2010aaw ) and withdrawal of complications ( Prasad2010wha). The mechanism of action is not clear, the suspicion falls on triterpenoid saponins called vitanolide. Vitanolid coagulanol ( Maurya2008cww ) increases the ability of the liver to metabolize glucose, lowers cholesterol and LDL ( Singh2012cmh ). Vitanolid coagulin-L reduces the expression of PPAR-γ receptors and counteracts fat deposition ( Beg2014wci ). Synthetic Vitans behave contrary to other anti-diabetes drugs that have the side effect of being fat. A clinical study confirming the same effect is Upadhyay2011cse .

Glossy glitter and other antidiabetic sponges

I mention mushrooms before other natural remedies because they are underestimated. For the same reason, however, I do not have a comprehensive list of anti-diabetic mushrooms, only three known recidivists: shiny gloss , Chinese caterpillars and oysters , which is cheap. Due to their popularity, they are well-researched. Other sponges (for example, bark beetles ) are also recommended to diabetics, but their research is bad ( Ulbricht2009mmg ) . The backwardness of mushroom research is the reason why bad language sometimes healing the mushroomsthey deplore. They all contain ergosterol, beta-glucans and other substances that only elicit a non-specific immune alert and stress response. In the list below, therefore, I emphasize that at least gloss and clover have specific effects on diabetes.

  • Lesklokorka glossy is an effective antidiabetic fungus. I quote references, you judge. Overview of Ma2015aeg (2015) says that
    1. G. lucidum triterpenoids facilitate excretion of insulin after a meal
    2. reduce glucose by inhibiting tyrosine phosphatase 1B, aldose reductase,? -glucosidase and the like,
    3. lectins ("polysaccharides") glossy cells positively alter gene expression,
    4. inhibit the formation of glucose from the storage glycogen and amino acids,
    5. glossy cell protects cells (including pancreatic β-cells) from autoimmunity by activating FOXP3 + T reg lymphocytes.
    According to Li2011aeg , lucidum leukins at a low dose (50 mg / kg) and even higher at a high dose (150 mg / kg) have a hypoglycemic effect and normalize lipids to compensate for the standard antidiabetic action of glibenclamide. These findings are supported by the Wang2012enp and Zheng2012glp studies . According to G. lucidum in Type 2 diabetes, it helps to overcome insulin resistance by insulin receptor phosphorylation. Complications of diabetes are treated by increasing the healing capacity of the organism ( Tie2012g ) and by inhibiting aldose reductase ( Fatmawati2011srg ). In addition, it has an anti-inflammatory effect, even on the pancreas ( Li2016tkg ).
  • Chinese caterpillar is an immunomodulatory adaptogen. It protects pancreatic β-cells ( Liu2016hmc ) and belongs to potentially effective anti-diabetic fungi ( Paterson2008ctc ).
  • Oyster mushroom is an antidiabetic, the effects of which are documented by 20+ experimental studies. According to the Jayasuriya2015hac clinical study, people with type 2 diabetes at a dose of only 50mg / kg reduced glucose and increased insulin levels. Similar results were seen in rats at doses of 250-1250 mg / kg ( Jayasuriya2012 ). In addition, the clover contains lovastatin blocking cholesterol synthesis.

Other natural first-line antidiabetes

If you have successfully read the text, do not hate. We're just starting out. So far, I've gotten ginseng, cacti, sardines, and mushroom adaptogens. It is very important - Master TČM would say royal - antidiabetics. However, I am not a TCP master and I call them first-line antidiabetes . Among them I would certainly include the following:

  1. Momordika bitter , or bitter cucumber (India, China). Its traditional indications are extensive ( Grover2004pap , Fang2011bgm ). Despite the bitter taste it is commonly used vegetables, which indicates its importance. It works best for diabetes mellitus 2 - see Leatherdale1981igt , Jung2006aaf , Day1990hem , Lans2006eut , Miura2004saf and the clinical study Ahmad1999emc . In diabetes, t1 is ineffective ( Karunanayake1990emc ) according to some sources , but it also increases the uptake of glucose and glycogen synthesis in the liver ( Sarkar1996dha). Since 2005, the publications have ruptured the bag. Its effect was attributed to triterpenoid kukurbitan glycosides called momordicoside ( Tan2008aat ) and other cytoprotective agents. Its status of natural antidiabetic is confirmed ( Elabhar2014pdr ). Momordika also makes weight loss easier. Since the 1980s, momordica is known to increase insulin secretion from β-cells ( Welihinda1982iat ), which makes it easier to feel saturation when eating. Her potential in the diet reduces , among others, a review of Alam2015brb , who is not ashamed to provide even a Bangladeshi cooking recipe for its preparation. Momordika does not do a miracle liposuction (as probably the authors of the skeptic study Kasbia2009eas), but allow you to consume slightly less carbohydrates in the diet. Momordika is suitable for greenhouse cultivation.
  2. Shihak Baikal (Asia). Combined with Chinese koptis , the well-known TCM combines anti-diabetes ( Liu2013aet , Zhen2011aec ). It is a very important plant. Shihak does not have the direct glucosine effect of ginseng ( Xie2009aea ), but its flavonoids (bajcalin, vogonin ...) slow down glucose delivery from the intestine by blocking? -Glucosidase ( Yang2015dai ), it affects PPAR? Fatty cell receptors ( Zhang2015wso ), protects the brain ( Ma2015bad ) Heart ( Khan2016wad ), regulate fat metabolism and body weight ( Song2013esb) and experimental animals even erection ( Li2016bes ). Shihak is also antioxidant ( Shang2010gse , Waisundara2008sbe ) and protects against complications of diabetes ( Xiao2014pte ).
  3. Hazel fescue (Mediterranean, Asia). Especially its seeds are a powerful traditional anti-diabetic agent ( Gaddam2015rfp , Jung2006aaf ) and not only against it. This superbylina increases insulin output, reduces glucose, and has many other beneficial effects ( Elabhar2014pdr ). It would be worthwhile to write a few more sentences about it so that everyone can understand that sandwich is just as important as kaciba , shiashak, momordika ... But if I wrote many sentences about every fine herb, it would be too easy. So remember that there are many important herbs I can describe here for a short time, which does not diminish their importance, and it is your duty to study them, even though I have mentioned them here in just one word - embalming, for example .
  4. Zederach Indian (India) is one of the most prescribed herbal antidiabetes ( Goyal2015tpu ) in their homeland . It is mainly used to lower the glucose ( PerezGutierrez2012mpg ), but this effect also has the effect ( Halim2003lbs , Waheed2006cih ...) Reduction of glucose does not occur by acceleration of its use in peripheral tissues ( Chattopadhyay1996pma ), but by blocking the digestive enzymes α-glucosidase and α-amylase ( PerezGutierrez2012mpg ) as well as slowing the release of glucose from the stock glycocene ( Chattopadhyay1996pma ). Therefore, zederach is suitable for Type 2 diabetes, preferably before meals. Zederach also protects internal organs that threaten diabetes (PerezGutierrez2012mpg , Elabhar2014pdr ).
  5. Kapara deciduous (India, Pakistan) is a crop whose edible fruits are traditionally used to treat diabetes ( ZiaUlHaq2011csa , Goyal2015tpu ). It has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, and other beneficial effects on diabetes, see the ZiaUlHaq2011csa introduction . It is believed that its alkaloids, which reduce glucose by acting on PPAR receptors ( Sharma2010apa ) and also modulate LDL cholesterol levels ( Chahlia2009eha ), are also effective . In time of famine and war against diabetes can also use capers common ( Yaniv1987put ).
  6. The cobweb cloves (India), see Goyal2015tpu , is an excellent fruit reminiscent of the dogwood . Against diabetes, more than the fruits are used by the bark (not the buds, as with the kitchen cloves of fragrance ) . As a zederach, neither clitoral cloves do not increase the sensitivity of tissues to insulin ( Bitencourt2015scs ), but they are still hypoglycemic and beneficial in diabetes ( Bitencourt2015scs ). It is not excluded that the cloves block the release of glucose from the storage glycogen ( Bitencourt2015scs ). At least its leaves slow down glucose uptake by inhibiting α-amylase ( Poongunran2017bfi). The cloves of the cloves should also be used before or at the meal as a cloves that can also be recommended for type 2 diabetes ( Oboh2015eoc ) . The popularity of the cloves is uncontested ( Perera2017acs ) and leads to interest in the antidiabetic effects of other species of this genus ( Chandran2016aas , Sales2014epa ). Those who like to experiment can try the leaves of Brazilian cloves of marhani or from the fruit of the Indian cricket ( Krishnasamy2016aaa ) .
  7. Spectacular Scarlet (India), or Scarlet Cucumber, is one of the most commonly prescribed antidiabetic agents in Bangladesh ( Ocvirk2013tmp ) and Kočinčíny. Not only the fruits, but also roots, leaves and young shoots are used as excellent vegetables. As with any antidiabetic crop, even a scammer must know. The most important thing is for the charlatan to keep its aura omniscient. A clinical study confirming the effect of scarlet leaves (20g daily) administered with young coconut is Munasinghe2011bsl. I would say more about the plant, but that would not be a scary. The charlatans pride themselves in claiming their claims as Pythagoras without resources and evidence. Unfortunatelly there is no scarlet, cultivation theoretically only in a tropical greenhouse, ordinary orangery is not enough.

Natural second-line antidiabetes

So far I have introduced 15 highly effective herbs to be known by every diabetologist. There are about 200 others to whom I refer collectively antidiabetics of the second line , without wanting to degrade them. Unlike antibiotics which are of use second-line drugs, if possible, avoided , diabetes herbs first and second line substantially from the beginning of treatment we combine - in diabetes prevents any resistance obtaining biological evolution. But which herbs do you choose from such an amount? How do they cover all the important needs of the patient? The art of assembling herbal combinations can be learned from the TCM.

The herbal combination of TČM contains herbs in four functions - king , counselor , secretary and herold . Selsky said herbal blend is to cover the main mechanisms of causal treatment (king, counselor), symptomatic treatment (counselors, secretaries), solve the side effects (secretaries) and contain the necessary adjuvants (heroldi). This is why it is necessary to know also the antidiabetics of the second line, although their number is considerable.

When composing herbal combinations (whether standard or personalized for a particular patient), TCE recognizes not two but four functions of herbs: the king, the counselor, the secretary (or helper) and the herold (or the guide). It would be oversimplification, if I said above antidiabetic herbs are the first line of the Royal and others are mentors (antidiabetics almost royal - Bauhinia , cekropie , garlic , Gymnema , karaluma , punarnava , vrcholák , zimnokvět ...) Secretary (aloe basil, onions , asparagus, Klitoria, Solomon's seal , koulenka ,křídlok , butternut , jet set , tithonie , vilnokvět , Žabník , derstandings ...) and Heralds ( Bidens , pepperoni, gall sumac , hruškovec , cloves , cumin , nettle , fox, marjoram , parsley , green tea...) Functions of different herbs in different TCP mixtures are generally different. That is why the assignment of specific functions to specific herbs is given to specific herbalists. As a pragmatist, I also know that insulin, metformin, glibenclamide, synthetic PPAR agonists, and all medicines paid by the insurer will reign in clinical practice, while herbs will act as dams, pimples, and whippers. Even in this role, however, it is good. (This information does not apply if you are in Japan where the TČM insurance company has been paying for the mixture since 1967. ) Caution: Take special care with diabetics who fail liver and kidney- have reduced ability to tolerate plant secondary metabolites. Now let's get to the list itself. It's a bit difficult to read, but I've been warned above:

If the list seems too long, be sure it is not complete. I just missed a lot of plants because I'm forgotten. I wrote that the cloves slowed the hydrolysis of carbohydrates (mechanism 2), but I did not think that the same thing makes even more tasty cinnamon . As Medagama2014uca says, Cinnamon effectively inhibits amylase and intestinal saccharase (Effect 2) and otherwise reduces glucose (Effect No. 3 and inhibition of gluconeogenesis). Even with its sweet taste, Cinnamon fits like a dipstick of diabetic desserts and coffee ingredients. (Please, not a spattered spray of vegetable fat!) Likewise, Chinese cinnamon works , which is absolutely necessary in TČM. I also forgot the Abroma augustum healing shrub that protects the kidneys and the intestines of diabetics ( Khanra2015aal ) , the Acosmium panamense ( AndradeCetto2001hec ) , the Mexican agarist ( AndradeCetto2001hec ) , the Ambrozii seaside ( Hilmi2014saa ) , the cure Antigonon leptopus ( Lans2006eut ) , the desert antidiabetic Balanites aagyptiaca ( Rashad2017rdp ) , starnut ( Patil2011isa ) , bloomless flower ( Ho2017epc ) , Bontia daphnoides ( Lans2006eut ) , potato ( Zar2013peh ) , beautiful Bunnum persicum ( Ocvirk2013tmp ) , mumble-blooming saliva from which consumes cold leach ( Rahmatullah2012mpu ) , citrus bark ( Guo2016pot , ChavezMejia2017pcp ), traditional black set in Sev. Africa ( Hilmi2014saa ) , a dubolist sucker frog from which diabetics consume two spoonfuls of young sprouts a day ( Rahmatullah2012mp ) , Enhydra fluctuans , which Indian diabetics eat as a starter ( Rahmatullah2012mpu ) , traditional fennel in Sev. Africa ( Hilmi2014saa ) , guazumu jilmolistou ( AlarconAguilara1998sae ) , golden chamomile and golden chamomile , which is not only disinfectant and bronchial, but also for improving metabolism ( Zemestani2016cti , Cemek2008aap ) , Mexican Hintonia latiflora ( Mata2013mah ) Ocvirk2013tmp ), chilli peppers , carotenoids and other substances, barley , including the famous green barley drink, garnish ( Zar2013peh ), Indian jelly ( Rashidi2013imp ), kadidlovnik ( Khalili2017son ) with its boswell acids , kapmi ( Hilmi2014saa ) ( Mata2013mah ), a gorgeous skeleton whose super-chopped leaves are eaten by diabetes from Ceylon, mixed with a young coconut flesh to the rice ( Medagama2014uca ), a juvenile coconut- promising Sanguisorba officinalis ( Son2015ahp ) and in the Mediterranean traditional Krvavec trnatý ( Yaniv1987put ) Mexican kukuřičník prickly ( AndradeCetto2001hec ), Lane Indian , cold leach from whose bark is drunk in the morning fasting ( Rahmatullah2012mpu ) active tropical nettle Laporte aestuans ( Lans2006eut ), Lara's three-pronged traditional in Mexico ( Arteaga2005ltc ), the Yaniv1987put lebedu , the Yaniv1987put , Kasabri2011eaa , the Maramba galangová ( Ladurner2017acs ), the peasant mint , whose traditional use in diabetes is commented on by Ayurvedic experimental study Agawane2018cea , and many other types of mint, ( Yaniv1987put , Dashtban2016epf ), Colombian weeds Neurolaena lobata ( Giovannini2016mpu ), Lans2006eut , Yaniv1987put , AsadiSamani2017tmp , Tree of tree Parkia biglobosa , which is a traditional African antidiabetic ( Ibrahim ( Lans2006eut ), the Pickering sheep , which acts on PPARγ receptors ( Li2006ica ), Giovannini2016mpu , Mexican Horsetail Burian ( AndradeCetto2001hec ), probably represented by our horsetail ( ChavezMejia2017pcp ), the Central Asian Rheum ribes , ( Rashidi2013imp ), excellent rooibos (eg, Muller2012aaa ), and Cyclopia related, which is even more appetizing , traditional sesame in Sev. Africa ( Hilmi2014saa ), smell of Phyllanthus urinaria ( Yaniv1987put , Lans2006eut ), Tournefortia hirsutissima ( Mata2013mah ), Saliva malolistou and many other sage (eg Shallow Shallot ), Tortoiseshell ( Ahangarpour2017ehe ), Mata2013mah and young green beans ( He2018pvl ), whose pods are more important than seeds ( Sidorova2017hhe ) ... And also coconut , puffer lobster , artifact superpowder, papaya , soybean , smldinec , tamarind ( Lans2006eut ), mushroom gourd , thistle gourd , Lans2006eut other antidiabetic favorites TČM ( Wang2018chc ). And also the vagina snodárna ( Ocvirk2013tmp ), which is somehow shaded by diabetes vitamin. And also a thistle (also traditional, Rashidi2013imp ) that will enjoy those who are really afraid of liver complications ... Can not you read it? I warned you. After 2000 the herbal publications broke the bag and the careful reading of this article the plant behind the plant is one of the last ways you can keep up with science called ethnobotany. A few other antidiabetic crops can be found below in the section on diabetes. And as everyone else, I forgot that the continents have five, and traditional anti-diabetes drugs are also in Australia. The Australian antidiabetic herbs include Petalostigma pubescens , Petalostigma banksii , Memecylon pauciflorum , Kaleda lysá and Queensland beaver , which are reported by Deo2016ivi . From the algal kingdom, there were reports of antidiabetic effects on the Ascophyllum nodosum (inhibition of α-amylase, Nwosu2011apa ), spruce ( Han2015aap ), lanceolate ( Nagarani2013eaa ), Ishige foliacea ( Lee2012onp ), pear-shaped mites ( Sharma2014aec ) Mahmoud2014ais ), the potato tree ( Xu2011aep ), Turbinaria ornata ( Mahmoud2014ais ), Chlorella ( Sun2012ega ) and spirulina . All PPAR-based herbs, such as reed and deciduous trees , are also suspected. Because of certain poisoning, I have deliberately not included alstonii , ayahuasku ( Frecska2016tpa ), the whitewhite ( SwanstonFlatt1990ttd ), the clerk , the mistletoe , the catharant ( Lans2006eut ), the colostrum ( Rashidi2013imp ), the mandragor , the myrrh , the unclean , the picnic and the glory to the father and to the son and to the Holy Spirit , as it was in the beginning, now, and always and forever, amen.

A pair of proven blends for inspiration

A proven source of herbal inspiration is the TCM, which is reliable when we need here and now, quickly and easily, a fairly effective mixture. Such is, for example, a mixture of six flavors with a reharmonization that is most commonly prescribed for a type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes will be mainly insulin.) The mixture of six tastes with rehmania is generally beneficial ( Hsu2014itc ) for the liver and kidney of diabetics. Please note, however, that TČM is far from having a patent of omniscience - it does not know about 10% of the effective anti-diabetic herbs in the world. Another inspiration? What about the Central Asian mixture of nettle leaves, the seeds of Harmala and the fruit of the tufted tundra, which is said to treat both kidneys and liver ( AbediGaballu2015et )? Other? Ostropestřec + kadidlovník + nettle ( Khalili2017son ). Antibiotic mixture of home provenance: 3 parts of blueberry leaves , 3 parts of nettle, 2 parts of burdock root , 1 part of medicinal root, 3 parts of ground sprouted seed of flax seed. This mixture is to be consumed as follows: Blueberry leaves like tea finely sweetened with non-caloric sweeteners, nettle, burdock root and cream root chopped cooked as part of the soup diabetic, sprouted seeds of flax set as a salad part of the starter.

Glucokinin - a myth or reality?

Many herbalists had to find a widespread information that some medicinal plants (such as momordica bitter ) contain a kind of "plant insulin" (glucoinin), which according to ethnobotanic bacteria is said to be a peptide that resembles and works similarly to actual insulin (see the already obsolete study Baldwa1977ctp ). This information, in my opinion, is not true for most plant species. For example, momordica is bitter in glucocorticoid (increases metabolic turnover of glucose) and hypoglycemic (lowers glucose), but it does not contain any plant insulin in the sense of peptide - the carrier of its effect are non-peptide components. I'm also not sure how the peptide will get insulin from the stomach into the bloodstream. Unlike perpetua mobile, plant insulin is possible, but even if one appeared, it would go with a cross-over, because good synthetic analogues of insulin (insulin-like peptides) are already available to diabetics. In spite of this, some of the glucosin are stubbornly devoted ( XavierFilho2003pig ), not only to bauhinia but also to other plants ( LagunaHernandez2017hig ) ...

Diabetic diet and its adherence

The skills associated with adhering to the reductive diet are (on a very difficult basis) the basis on which it is, more often also falls the diabetic diet, which is stricter in the intake of carbohydrates.

Keeping a reduction diet is a huge topic of all lifestyle magazines. However, the more difficult diabetic diet is not receiving enough attention. Diabetic diet is more difficult not only because it restricts carbohydrates, but also because diabetics often suffer from an unjustified but very strong sense of hunger. (Mainly due to imbalance of insulin.) To not generalize too much: There are so-called sleazy diabetics who do not suffer from hunger. They are lucky in misfortune and keeping dieting is easier for them.

Essential for a diabetic diet is (1) limiting the intake of carbohydrates and (2) preventing obesity. The supermarket has a full shelf with di commodities, so even unskilled people feel they know everything about the diabetic diet: Diabetics, the poor, are not sweet. Yes, sugars are actually restricted in diabetic diet. But not only those sweet (fructose, sucrose), but also those less sweet (glucose, maltose) and completely unsaturated (starch). Sugar lemonades are forbidden altogether, beer and wine only in the finest amount. Diabetes should not think that they go to the supermarket section of the supermarket, they buy food, and then they can eat as they wish.

Diabetics in dieting often fail. If permanent loss of weight for most obese is impossible, sustained compliance with diabetic diet is even more difficult. Diabetics do not accept that. While the obese is a clear indicator of dietary success or weight failure, diabetes is the result of "only" a rapid progression of illness and the development of complications, for which, of course, "diabetic" diabetics are of course not responsible ...

In diabetes, there is a fundamental knowledge of phytotherapy that goes into the art of cooking and nursing, more precisely diabetic cooking and diabetic management to maintain dieting. Antidiabetic herbs and crops should be placed directly into a diet that does not act as distracting as when a diabetic has a pile of potions, potions and herbal powders to the pile of industrial drugs on the bedside table. It is commonplace that the diet should also include regular healthy herbs and vegetables - onions , garlic , oregano, rosemary , nettle , green tea , asparagus, cruciferous, grapefruit, and others I have listed above.

Practical management of diabetics

Most diabetics should be at home with a steel lock with a lock. The door to the pantry should also be locked. No sugar, honey, bread, pastry or cereals, biscuits and sweets should be stored in the kitchen. Insulin, which either does not get diabetics or does not feel their body, usually causes hunger for diabetics. Keys from the refrigerator and pantry must be in the hands of a responsible, temporary guardian who oversees food preparation and regularly measures the physiological parameters (glucose, insulin, weight, and blood pressure) of his fetus. The aforementioned proviant guardian ( diabetic nurse ) is a prerequisite for dieting success in most diabetics. Does this mean that a diabetic is supposed to feel in prison in his own home? Not. Diabetes should not feel constrained because this feeling would cause depression and even more hunger. But experience shows that the vast majority of diabetics do not have the ability to follow the necessary diet. They do it the same way as if saints are obeying church bans: they pretend to stick to the diet but find a way to "overeat" the carbohydrates "in the way allowed" to soak themselves under their own boiler. Diabetes must take note that whole wheat bread is healthy and then they want it. Or the same with sweet yoghurt, fruit juice, etc. Or she's always giving me dietary exceptions, still a blessing, I'll be good next week ... Diabetes can not be blamed for the character's weakness - the hypotalamus has a lot of power over human behavior. (And the diet, unlike religion, is only an insignificant matter at the level of the individual, that is why I oppose the bigotrans-forbidden ecclesiastical prohibitions, perhaps celibacy.) The Christian Órigenes himself has castrated himself, probably due to his inability to manage his so- fanatics can think seriously and literally with ecclesiastical prohibitions, but the side effects are such that I do not want this type of church bans as a native Catholic for my priests, but that turns away, I'm confused.)

What to do? How do diabetics restrict you from feeling restrained? The general answer is only one: Cleverly. Would a steel counter on the fridge work like a red canvas for a bull? Good. The fridge will be freely accessible. But empty. On the bottom and top shelves of the fridge will be cut flowers, mint flowers and fragrant herbs. And in the middle shelf a big plate with a small dia dessert. In the freezer cranberry, raccoon, duck and similar supercoil. And there is no open shop, supermarket or Vietnamese pastry with baked goods and sandwiches. I assert that a diabetic nurse must also have a sadistic talent to resist the excitement, the threats and the cunning influence of her spouse.In diabetic patients with hysterical inclinations, it is sometimes impossible to be a diabetic nurse member of the family and must be an unrelated medical practitioner, before whom the diabetic is ashamed to shed their scenes. It is necessary to constantly supervise a diabetic and not to let him / herself on a walk where the sources of dangerous food are: supermarkets, groceries and fruit ripe kits. Therefore, special diabetes resorts are desirable, similar to the known camps for overweight people. (This is called "educational stay for diabetics.") Sadism is not just a whip, but also sugar. But what about diabetics instead of forbidden sugar to offer? It must be a feeling of food welfareto luxury. You can learn from exclusive restaurants. A small, high-quality porridge served in a luxurious way, the diabetic convinces unconsciously that he is not being tortured, but spoiled - exactly the way he really is. Even the camp should be luxurious in some ways. A little tasty dieting diet should be supplemented with well-selected fatty foods, which I explain and enumerate (attention, extensive reading) . A diabetic nurse, a chef and a waiter in one person (diabetic himself can not do this) has to eat a healthy glycemic index of healthy carbohydrate foods, such as wholemeal buckwheat , barley hops ( Gupta2014cad ), Ayurvedic and Chinese roasted sprouts barley (fructus hordei germinatus ), Ayurvedic and Chinese mung beans ( Gupta2014cad , Tjokroprawiro1983meo ) Jerusalem artichokes , yacon , oats ( PerezRamirez2018ceo ) or sweet pods of the carob , which are diabetes even traditional ( Yaniv1987put ) . It is, unfortunately, beyond the scope of this article to address the diabetic impact of all possible starchy foods and cereals - of all sorts of wheat, rye, barley, oats , teardrops , Indian rice , corn(also traditional!) and hundreds of other crops. In short, for grain, two things are good for diabetics - wildness and nakedness. Whatever you eat, soy , vignette (mungo beans) , barley , broccoli , sunflower , lucerne (alfalfa) , lentil, everything will be helpful. It is best to mix the sprouts with a small amount of fruit and your favorite nuts, consuming one cup a day. Just do not avoid broccoli - despite the sharp taste it is one of the most delicious. Diabetics also do not have to worry about gluten and prefer gluten-free foods. Finally, dietary cooking should also take into account the carbohydrate content of nuts and fats. Yes, fats (more precisely triglycerides) contain sugar because the glycerol to which the fatty acids are bound is of a sugar nature. There is therefore no concern that the diabetic body will not have enough sugar to consume just enough fat to run the Krebs cycle that burns fat. Instead of honey, diabetics serve more expensive bee products (pollen, royal jelly, honey bee), and sugar instead of a more expensive meal - edible gold and silver in the form of slices, glitter and stars.

Fruit-type diabetic crops

Cornus mas L.
Cornus mas ( Cornus mas L.)

Even diabetics can eat fresh fruit in the diet. However, garden varieties of sugar beet (apples, pears, plums, strawberries, etc.) are inappropriate. Yes, even in sweet fruit, there are antidiabetic agents - for example plums ( Tanko2017aer ) or veskalagin in jambos ( Huang2016vpw ). However, their healing is impaired by sugar. Therefore, we prefer related wild and special fruits that are even more healing without unnecessary fructose. For example, avocado , which is also a traditional remedy for diabetes ( Lans2006eut , Giovannini2016mp ) . The diabetic alternative to plums is not just a wild thorn (a good source of routine), but also a cherry and a pheasant. And even better source of routine is caper - whether you get the tasty fruits of caper deciduous , or you will use commonly available pouches of trunk capers . Instead of jambos (the fruit of a delicious cloves ), we use antidiabetic nagae (tartar cloves ) or tambis (juvenile cloves ) and their leaves are medicinal. A small amount of forest strawberries surpasses the scent and taste full of strawberry plates from the supermarket. Wild strawberries with goat whipped cream, stewbee pollen beans, Mentha x piperita 'Chocolate', and a mash of floured gold served on a black marble plate will give you a sense of dining welfare. What other exotic and luxurious fruits can we offer to diabetics with pure conscience?

Here is a list of the best: Rishyaganda (see the paragraph on syrian's vitania), nagay ( Krishnasamy2016aaa , j.), Career (see paragraph about drip caps), kumquat (caution in liver and kidney affections), emblazure ( Gupta2014cad et al. blueberries ( Crespo2017brb et al.), as antidiabetic and leaves, drink ( Dinda2016cmc et al.), carambola ( Pham2017eac ) in TCM from it to treat diabetes and uses the root, bearberry (Mirfeizi2016ctd and j.), Nopal sklimený , sea ​​buckthorn ( Lehtonen2010phi et al.), Black currant , shrimp , blackberries , avocado , arrows . In this list you must be able to read between the lines. Excellent rišyaganda represents all excellent diabetic eggplants - goji , gooseberry , black nightshade , tamarilo , peppers and cherry tomatoes . Yet, Rishyaganda is a Rishyaganda. Similarly nagay represents all cloves, carriere all capers, kumquat representscedar and all the citrus bark (not the sweet flesh of orange and mandarin!), emballa and niruri , smell bitter and bitches (although mainly the leaves are used), blueberries Vaccinium , ie cranberries ( Eid2014lvv etc.) cranberry (the leaves of the genus Vaccinium are again much used also leaves), the shins represent the Japanese and the whole genus Cornus , the avocado represents also the pear beard and all the pear trees, the nopal and the opuncie , pitayu ,fylokaktus and all edible cacti, blackcurrant all kinds currants, gooseberries, all kinds of berries service tree ( Sorbus sp.), hawthorn ( Crataegus sp.), loquat , Aronia , serviceberry and loquat . Like the lobsters, even apple trees are a good source of antidiabetic chlorogenic acid.

Are there any other tips? Try Bengali quince , or coconut oranges, whiteberries , and fuchsia fruits . And more of my favorite bits. À propos de bezinky, a relative of the Kamchatka honeysuckle is even better for diabetics. À propos coconut, the young gelous flesh of such beige white (not the brown, hairy) is a healthy diabetic delicacy ( Lans2006eut ), though it is actually a fatty food. Fruit-based delicacies also include fruit with unsweetened oily flesh - olives, avocados , mastnoplod, butterflies pecans, and even fleshy oysters, when it frosts well, freezes and loses bitterness. Dia is an unreasoned noni, from which the inhabitants of the Polynesian islands in which they grow (see Inada2017mcn ) can not grow up . Relatively unpleasant is also lukuma and longan, whose name reminds me of a sweet, but non-calorie lohan, diabetics highly recommended. For cukernatějšího dia fruits (lychee, rambutan, goji, ripe medlar, serviceberry, guava, pitaya , gooseberries, jujube, fuchsia, mulberry, Mangosteen ...) is a diabetes need to know the peace and eat only small portions. You may not know that, lemons and other highly acidic fruit contains large amounts of sugar, which is covered by a sour taste - look out for the nepřislazovanou orange and passion-fruit juice! By the way, guava is related to antidiabetic nagay and the best is red (see also overviewDaswani2017pgs ) - whether it is a reddish form of a regular kind of guava , or special species such as Guava Cattley or closely related Chilean ugni . Sweet apple caster ( anacardia fructus ) is antidiabetic like cashew ( anacardia folium , Jaiswal2016aae ), but the only thing you can get from cashew is roasted seeds ( seed anacardia ) that we all know and which do not excel over other oily plants. Likewise, do not eat the fruits of Central American shrub Hamelia patens ( Giovannini2016mp ) ,try adding a half-pound slime to your fruit mix . And while you're there (repeat) nepřislazovanou passion-fruit and orange juice do not forget the few fruits called. Round kumquat crushed whole, which will give her inimitable aroma .

Sweetening of fruits and herbal mixtures

Superovoce wild, bitter from all the polyphenols and flavonoids and sour from all those superživin, ursolic acid, korozolové, caffeic, chlorogenic and ascorbic acid, a tartaric acid, malic acid, oxalic acid and citric speak, people tend to be sweetened. Sugar. For diabetics and people who do not want surplus sugar, two other agents can be used to achieve sweetness: non-calorie sweeteners and miraculin . Dia natural sweetener is stevia , fox , Licorice and Ural , star anise , anise and slightly fennel. The best ones are powdered, the leaves of the stevia also serve as a whole. Industrial non-caloric sweeteners, which are not as damaging as they are, are also suitable. The most interesting thing is miraculin. Synsepalum sweetening , or miraculous fruit sensu stricto, thanks to its miraculine, changes the perception of sour taste in sweet. Mirakulin must be given before eating so that it is affected by the entire tongue and the oral cavity. Then the diabetics will be the most dowry and the mistletoe look as sweet as plums, cherries and currants will be like raisins and lemons will be sweet as honey. With synapsal, we do not have to worry that healthy fruit will frustrate diabetics. Only the taste of noni, which is not sweet or sour, does not improve synsepalum. In Japan, there are already special sweet pastries that use miraculin, in Bohemia we have to wait for courageous entrepreneurs with synsepal.

| 2010 - 4.11.2018