seriously and without nonsense ...
Adaptogens are natural and artificial substances that improve the ability to overcome the burden and are harmless. Practically, they are mainly medicinal plants and fungi (ie, natural adaptogens), but the development of artificial substances meeting the definition of adaptogen is already intensely ongoing. Unfortunately, not in our country, but mainly in the West, where the terms of Russian origin do not like. The concept of adaptogen was created in the 1950s to describe plant tonics, whose typical representative is ginseng . This concept was missing here. Before its introduction, many plants were called "ginseng" (eleuterokok = Siberian ginseng , vitania = Indian ginseng , Peruvian cress = Peruvian ginseng , Desert ginger = Desert ginseng etc.). Prior to the introduction of this concept, European science was only able to construct for the ginseng the unnamed Panax - the panacea.
Adaptogens are characterized by facilitating the adaptation process . Adaptation is a key concept of theoretical medicine . We talk about adapting when the body adapts to the load. As long as we handle the burden, we remain well. If the burden exceeds our adaptation range , the result is sickness to death. Adaptogens facilitate adaptation by extending our adaptation range . In other words, adaptogens do more than just treat disease states - adaptogens consolidate health . This is related to the field of health care medicine, called valeology . Our health threatens various types of stress: cold, hot, physical (work, sport ...), mental, chemical (liver, kidney, brain ...), oxidative, radiation, infectious ... English stress for stress is generally stress . In our country, however, the word stress is mostly used in the narrower meaning of mental stress. During this time, our body releases hormones of attack and escape ( adrenaline , noradrenaline ) and then stress hormone cortisol . It is worth mentioning that the term adapogen is historically related to the discovery of stress hormones (glucocorticoids, namely cortisol), described by János Selye , the father of modern theoretical medicine. The adaptogen adaptogen prefix then comes directly from the term generalized adaptation syndrome , a fabulous historical name for a mammalian stress response.
The ideal adaptogen is therefore all-round beneficial, harmless and unilateral. Real adaptogens are more or less close to this ideal. Some more protect the liver, others protect the blood vessels, others suppress inflammation and allergy, or counteract mental stress. Different plants are of different quality as adaptogens, so that a closed list of adaptogens can not be assembled. However, it is not valid that each non-toxic drug is an adaptogen. The category of adaptogen is not identical to the category of non-toxic medicinal plants. For example, liquorice , cannabis or the famous kava-kava, despite their healing, are not among the adaptogens because they have unilateral effects.
Adaptogens are heavily healing . This may surprise physicians and pharmacists used in Paracelsus medications - poisons that are used to treat them in precisely metered doses. (It was Paracelsus, who introduced the rules for the effective use of mineral poison in the treatment of diseases in Europe.) Paracelsus drugs are only in the hands of experts. This is reflected in the laws. Unfortunately, the legislation looks paracelsically for all drugs and has no understanding for adaptogens . Adapogenic medications require milligram standardization as if they were poisons, but on the other hand due to the absence of dramatic symptoms, they rank among so-called "weakly effective" plants. (Among the "highly effective", the foxglove, the monkey, the broom and the bullet are good.) However, adaptogens are excellently used in the prevention and treatment of civilization diseases that result from the cumulative burden of today's long-lived population. Adaptogens are an excellent prevention of the three most important diseases of longevity : atherosclerosis , cancer and diabetes (diabetes) . It is generally known that atherosclerosis causes a stroke that adaptogens also protect. Regular use of adaptogens slows down aging , protects immunity and inhibits the development of metabolic syndrome . By reducing stress and vessel relaxation, ginseng and similarly acting adaptogens fight epidemic hypertension . Adaptogens should be an integral part of our diet.
Examples of adaptogens:
- ginseng right ( Panax ginseng ) - model adaptogen
- Baikal Shrike ( Scutellaria baicalensis )
- Schisandra chinensis ( Schisandra chinensis )
- Pink Stonecrop ( Rhodiola rosea )
- ( Withania somnifera ), Indian ginseng
- aloe vera ( Aloe vera )
- ginger ( Zingiber officinale )
- Long-tailed Curcuma ( Curcuma longa )
- ginseng notoginseng ( Panax notoginseng )
- Eleutherococcus senticosus , Siberian ginseng
- Ganoderma lucidum , reishi , lingzhi,
- ( Inonotus obliquus ), sp
For all medicinal plants and spices, it is important to ask to what extent they meet the definition of adaptogen. The most important candidates include common cooking crops such as garlic , onion , tomato , basil , asparagus , nettle , sea buckthorn , lotus ... However, adaptogens can not be classified as inactive or only nutritious , nor traditional European pancakes like alcohol, opium, cocaine. More candidates and counterparts can be found in the overview of natural adaptogens .