Infection is a very broad term, it simply means infection. It is necessary to distinguish the types of infections that are as follows:
- bacterial infections
- virus infection
- fungal infection (mycosis)
- protozoal infections (caused by protozoa)
- parasitic infections (caused by worms and other multicellular parasites)
While the immune response to bacterial infection is rather an antibody (the type 2 response), the immune response to viral infection , as well as cancer , is more cytotoxic (the type 1 response). The fight against bacteria is that they are searched and eaten (fagocytated) by white blood cells - macrophages and granulocytes. In contrast, the fight against viruses and cancer is that another type of white blood cell - T lymphocytes - kills cancer cells or cells infected with viruses.
Anti-infectives are divided into antiseptics, antibiotics and antiviral agents . There is no sharp boundary between the first two. Antiseptics are often simple molecules that kill germs in high concentrations. External disinfection is used. Antibiotics, on the other hand, act specifically in small concentrations. Antibiotics are substances that act against bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms and other specific types of parasites. Antiviral agents (anti-virals) are not traditionally considered antibiotics. The term "infection" also does not include external parasites (lice, fleas, ticks ...) with which we fight with insecticides and repellents. Infections may also include prions that cause neurodegenerative disease.
Natural treatment of infection
All categories of anti-infectives have a rich presence in the world of herbs. Anti-viral and antibiotic effects are completely different categories:
- antibiotics (with an emphasis on antibacterial agents)
- adaptogens with antiviral effects (antivirals)
A key factor in the fight against any infection is the immune response. The effect on the immune response is an important feature of many adaptogens.
- immunomodulatory effects of adaptogens
Specific infectious diseases
Infection is too broad a concept to talk about adaptogens effective against it in general. I am not able to deal with any existing infectious disease separately, but I have written comments on the following specific types of infections: