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Ginseng content (ginseng phytochemistry)

To fully understand the multifaceted effects of ginseng , three things are necessary: knowledge of human physiology, knowledge of ginseng active substances and practical testing. In this section, I would like to focus more closely on ginseng active substances. Hundreds of ingredients are found in each plant. Ginseng, however, excels in the fact that by controlling coincidence its content is highly effective without being poisonous. In addition, their effects are balanced by meeting the definition of adaptogen . Panaxosides are not present in the Panax family .

Among the ginseng active substances we can find:

  • Ginsenosides / Panaxosides (Traditionally, most ginsenosides / panaxosides are most concerned)
  • Ginseng polysaccharides and proteoglycans
  • Panaxynol - polyacetylene alcohol
  • Panaxydol - polyacetylene alcohol
  • Panaxytriol - polyacetylene alcohol
  • Gintonin - polyacetylene alcohol glycolipoprotein
  • Prorenin - a bioactive peptide
  • EGF - bioactive peptide
  • Galanin - a bioactive peptide
  • Renin - a bioactive peptide
  • Pancreatic Polypeptide (PP) - bioactive peptide
  • Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) - a bioactive peptide
  • Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) - bioactive peptide
  • Maltol - a phenolic compound
  • Fatty acids

In practice, mixed ginseng extracts are also used.

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